Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books

Newsstand Rarity By Year: CBCS Census

By Benjamin Nobel, 5/16/2020

With the release of the CBCS Census (aka “Population Report”) there is a treasure trove of new data we can study that goes beyond what we can study over on the CGC census; in particular, CBCS elected in 2017 to start differentiating between Newsstand vs. Direct Edition comics (unfortunately only up to the year 2000 but we’ll take what we can get), and with the release of the population report, all of that Newsstand vs. Direct Edition census data is now available online! 🙂

Today I will investigate how the Newsstand vs. Direct Edition rarity currently shows up on the CBCS census for Marvel by publication year, studying three of Marvel’s biggest titles — and how that census data compares against the newsstand rarity discussions & estimates we’ve seen from industry experts. Here are some of the expert estimates we’ve seen for Marvel newsstand percentages versus direct edition, for the percentage sales split at time of initial distribution:

Here’s how those percentages look graphically when charted, for the CBCS-relevant years 1979-1999, making it easy to see the big-picture-trend (with newsstand shown in blue and direct edition in orange — after the mid-1980’s the orange really “takes over” the comic book market):

Newsstand vs. direct edition estimates, at time of initial distribution

Newsstand vs. direct edition estimates, for the percentage sales split at time of initial distribution

These estimates above are incredibly helpful to illustrate how direct editions took over in the 80’s and then dominated the comic book marketplace into the 90’s-onward, but the estimates were presented as being intended to measure the newsstand vs. direct edition sales difference at the time of initial distribution — and therefore these numbers wouldn’t capture the survivorship differences between the two types through to the present day. Direct editions were sold in specialty comic shops and purchased mainly by collectors (who kept them generally very well preserved), versus newsstand comics which were purchased mainly by readers and were therefore less likely to survive through to the present day in collectible condition.

The CBCS census, although still young (with smallish numbers at present), can potentially help give us some interesting insights into the surviving percentages by type, year by year. Although the sample size is still very small, we’re comparing newsstand versus direct edition numbers among the sample — which can still potentially give us important insights, much in the same way that the New York State Covid-19 antibody survey only tested a small sample of the total population but teaches us important information about the relative percentages among the sample. So let’s take a look at the CBCS census and examine some newsstand versus direct edition data! 🙂

A few caveats before we proceed, for us to keep in mind about the characteristics of the data sample we’re about to examine. I already mentioned the very small sample size of the CBCS data; here’s some further perspective on that: Consider for example Amazing Spider-Man #252. According to my copy of Standard Catalog of Comic Books, in the entry for ASM #252 it notes, “Avg. print run 470,527” (which refers to the average for the title, for the prior year). [Print run for issue #252 specifically may have been considerably higher than surrounding issues as such a “big event” issue, but let’s consider that 470,527 number as our reference point]. Compared to that number, as of today we see 12,394 copies appearing on the CGC census which works out to about a 2.6% percentage. [And keep in mind, these 12,394 CGC census copies are not a “random sample” of the total population of #252 copies still in existence, but rather, this CGC group was a sample selected for grading (as the CBCS group will be as well).]

And how does the CBCS Newsstand and Direct Edition sample size compare to these CGC numbers? The number of copies denoted today as either as “Newsstand Edition” or “Direct Edition” for issue #252 on the CBCS census totals to… drum roll… just 421 copies. In total. That’s practically a “rounding error” in contrast to the 470,527 print run average — and so we must keep in mind that as of today, with CBCS still very young, and the change to delineate newsstand versus direct edition taking place only a few years back in 2017, the size of their census data when it comes to this information is still very small indeed, sitting here in May of 2020.

Next caveat: I’m going to focus my time today looking at just three of Marvel’s biggest titles — Amazing Spider-Man, Uncanny X-Men, and Incredible Hulk. So I’m looking at a “sample within a sample” here, not at the complete universe of Marvel titles on the CBCS census.

Finally, as I mentioned in my prior post about the new CBCS census, the data they present is a little bit “tricky” to work with, because there are all the “old way” entries presented together with the “new way” entries meaning there are more census variations than there are actual variations published — and this includes the Type 1A price variant newsstand comics which also have their own “old way” entries named with “Edition” and “new way” entries named with “Price Variant.”

Also: It was brought to my attention that recently-graded CBCS slabs have been spotted out there that still fall under the “old way” notation — i.e. books that should have been denoted either “Direct Edition” or “Newsstand Edition” but the slab had no variant indication either way (even though the book was graded well after the 2017 label change announcement). This observation could be an indication that even post-2017-announcement about their labeling change, that CBCS does not always go out of its way to actually delineate between the types when the submitter has not taken the step of penciling in the variant name on their own, on their submission form. Thus the behavior of the typical CBCS submitter could exert an influence of unknowable degree, on the ultimate census data we see in the population report — i.e. if the submitter wanted their label to read “Newsstand Edition” or “Direct Edition”, or wanted neither designation on the label, that preference could skew the census data in favor of those submitter desires, as opposed to the data being a more natural sample of what’s out there that has been submitted to CBCS.

So with all of these caveats, we can see that the CBCS data is far from perfect; and the multiple census entries under the various “old way” and “new way” categories make it even more difficult to make comparisons… For instance if we have a combined count of price variants under Canadian Edition as well as under Canadian Price Variant we’d need to compare that combined count against the grand-total that includes all the “old way regular” copies (no variant name; direct and newsstand regular-cover-price copies “lumped together”) plus the “new way regular” copies (“direct edition” or “newsstand edition” actually denoted). In the prior post I sampled a bunch of price variants and did some extrapolating to combine the “old way” and “new way” entries together, and I found that the price variant percentages for the sampled books ranged from under 1% to 1.8%.

For today’s exercise, ideally I’d want to include those newsstand price variants together with the regular-cover-price newsstand copies, when computing a newsstand total versus a direct edition total. But that requires the introduction of assumptions when combining the entries, plus it creates a lot more work, and so for today’s exercise I’m going to simplify the workload by ignoring the “old way” entries and ignoring the price variants altogether (as a tiny percentage they won’t really move the needle too much anyway so I’ll just drop them from today’s exercise to keep this census study down to a simpler job to perform).

Thus, all I’m doing today is going through the CBCS population report, entering just the title (e.g. “Amazing Spider-Man”) and the year (e.g. “1982”) into the search fields, and then I’m going through the search results and tallying the “Newsstand Edition” entries and the “Direct Edition” entries across all books for that entire year. I’m doing this for Amazing Spider-Man, Uncanny X-Men, and Incredible Hulk. (I’ll share the raw data at the end). In this way, I’m gathering a grand-total count by publication year, for how many copies CBCS has specifically denoted as Newsstand versus how many copies CBCS has specifically denoted as Direct Edition, across these selected titles. This ratio will most certainly be interesting to see, albeit imperfect because of the caveats just discussed.

I’ll first do this exercise for each of the years seen earlier in the chart of estimates (1979, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1995, and 1999) so that we can directly compare the census results against those newsstand estimates. To start, I’ll tally the totals of all graded copies, and then later I’ll look at just the 9.8 counts.

Here’s the result of total Newsstand Edition count by publication year, versus Direct Edition count, on the CBCS census as of May 15, 2020, for ASM, X-Men, and Hulk:

Year Newsstand Percentage Direct Edition Percentage
1979 70.87% (562/793) 29.13% (231/793)
1982 39.17% (141/360) 60.83% (219/360)
1985 21.31% (52/244) 78.69% (192/244)
1986 18.46% (55/298) 81.54% (243/298)
1987 17.76% (81/456) 82.24% (375/456)
1990 19.02% (175/920) 80.98% (745/920)
1995 12.20% (5/41) 87.80% (36/41)
1999 0.00% (0/23) 100.00% (23/23)

And here’s how it presents graphically:

CBCS census study: May 15, 2020 Population Data -- total newsstand versus direct edition by year, for Amazing Spider-Man, Uncanny X-Men, and Incredible Hulk

CBCS census study: May 15, 2020 Population Data — total newsstand versus direct edition by year, for Amazing Spider-Man, Uncanny X-Men, and Incredible Hulk

Wow! So looking at this census data chart, the “shape of the curve” is relatively in-line with the insider estimates we reviewed earlier, i.e. what with newsstand dominating the results in 1979 but then dropping off in the 1980’s and then representing an even smaller percentage into the 1990’s. [Note that there exist non-newsstand comics pre-1979 but I’m not covering them in today’s study; CBCS does not denote them in their census with the same terminology either as direct editions, e.g. Spectacular Spider-Man #27 is denoted “3-Pack Variant” — see my separate post entitled No Month Variants / Pre-Pack Editions / Whitman 3-Pack Variants for a discussion].

The survivorship difference between the types really shows through when comparing this chart against the chart of estimates at time of distribution that we saw earlier, with the CBCS data showing lower newsstand percentages compared to the chart of estimates. And this makes great sense, because in order for a collector to pay money for a comic book to be graded professionally, we’d expect that the book in question would be in collectible grade condition — or thought about another way, the market value of a given comic in its surviving condition had better be high relative to the cost of grading, otherwise why bother paying to get it graded? And if newsstand comics are less likely to survive in collectible condition, then naturally it would be less likely for the newsstand type to actually be sent in to CBCS: when we move from looking at the “total population” of a given issue, and drill down to “grading candidates” among that issue, then the newsstand numbers should start to “melt away” from their original distribution numbers.

And if this theory about typically much-poorer surviving newsstand condition holds, then we’d expect to see an even greater census difference between the types when we move up to the NM/MT grade tier: since newsstand comics were handled so poorly relative to direct editions, we’d expect the 9.8 newsstand percentage to be an even more stark difference. Does that theory hold true? I repeated the same CBCS census data exercise as before but this time I examined just the 9.8 counts and found the following:

Year Newsstand Percentage Direct Edition Percentage
1979 67.92% (36/53) 32.08% (17/53)
1982 13.79% (8/58) 86.21% (50/58)
1985 11.11% (7/63) 88.89% (56/63)
1986 3.92% (2/51) 96.08% (49/51)
1987 5.26% (3/57) 94.74% (54/57)
1990 9.29% (13/140) 90.71% (127/140)
1995 0.00% (0/13) 100.00% (13/13)
1999 0.00% (0/10) 100.00% (10/10)

Here’s how the above data charts graphically:

CBCS census study: May 15, 2020 Population Data -- NM/MT newsstand versus direct edition by year, for Amazing Spider-Man, Uncanny X-Men, and Incredible Hulk

CBCS census study: May 15, 2020 Population Data — NM/MT newsstand versus direct edition by year, for Amazing Spider-Man, Uncanny X-Men, and Incredible Hulk

Bringing the three charts together side-by-side for comparison, below are (1) the chart of expert estimates (left), (2) the total newsstand versus direct edition CBCS census data chart (middle), and (3) the NM/MT newsstand versus direct edition CBCS census data chart (right):

You can really see how when moving up to 9.8, the newsstand percentages melt away even further. So even with all those caveats we reviewed, I’d say we still ended up with some very interesting data to look at!

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Here’s something else that is interesting, which I observed when I went back and “filled in” the other years that weren’t part of the chart of estimates and when I got to 1984: the “big event” books truly skew the data and need to be thought about uniquely. I mentioned ASM #252 earlier — this is a book I’ve written about in the past regarding the mystery of its higher price variant percentage (it has the single-highest CPV census count among any issue I’ve seen and also its price variant percentage, even while very low on an absolute basis, is still higher than other keys). It is also a book we’ve discussed from time to time in the blog’s comments forum — for example in a great discussion with Andrew Paquette he noted: “According to my database, ASM 252 was auctioned 385 times by Heritage at the time I checked. Of those, 201 were newsstand versions, making it more common than the direct version. This was true of 9.2 and up copies (167/163) and below (34/21).”

Amazing Spider-Man #252 was truly an “event book” — Spider-Man has a new costume, we’ve got the Amazing Fantasy #15 cover swipe, the cover saying “The rumors are true… introducing the new Spider-Man” … it clearly was an important issue that would have been immediately treated as something important to collect. I picture the line of kids at the local comic shops, and I wonder if the direct editions sold out very quickly. If collectors couldn’t get their fill at the comic shops, it makes great sense that they would have turned to the newsstands.

And over on the newsstands, a key variable we always have to keep in mind is a given issue’s individual sell-through versus the typical sell-through. Earlier, I mentioned the 470,527 number, for average print run listed for Amazing Spider-Man in 1983 (I just looked up 1984 too and it was similar at 461,691). There was typically a huge difference between the number of issues printed and the number actually sold — recall that the newsstand model called for comics to be sent to the newsstands, and unsold copies could be returned. Not knowing how many would sell and not wanting to under-produce, it was typical for publishers to print many more copies than actually sold through — and against the average 470,527 print run number, Marvel reported 222,090 copies were later returned unsold on average.

That means 47% of the print run was typically returned unsold in that year!

But that’s the average ASM issue of the time… and depending on how big of a “hit” each individual issue was, that 47% buffer gives us a huge potential variance that could tilt the newsstand:direct edition sales ratio issue by issue, depending on sell-through at the newsstand. What about a mega-event hit issue like ASM #252? If the demand for such an individual issue was huge, then it is highly likely the sell-through on newsstands was way better than the average. And if collectors couldn’t get their fill of ASM #252 at the comic shops (where they would have taken home direct editions), it definitely makes sense that some of those collectors would have turned to the newsstands to collect their copies.

[Side note: the average percentage of the ASM print run returned fluctuated but generally moved down over the years as direct edition sales (which were non-returnable) became more dominant; in 1985 the average percentage of ASM print run returned was 34%; in 1992, 17.4%.]

How does this all express itself in the CBCS census data for ASM #252? It is actually quite remarkable: Excluding Amazing Spider-Man #252, the CBCS census data for the year 1984 looks like this: 16.9% newsstand (31/183) versus 83.1% direct edition (153/183). But then for ASM #252 itself, there are a full 291 Newsstand Edition copies listed on the CBCS census, versus 130 Direct Edition copies! Factoring in the “old way” copies and price variant copies, the break-down looks like this for ASM #252:

asm-252-cbcs-population-report

I find this rather remarkable to observe… Rather than following the normal newsstand versus direct edition breakdown of other 1984 books, ASM #252 as an immediately-heavily-collected “event book” skews the other way with the vast majority of CBCS census entries showing newsstand copies for the issue! This issue must have sold exceptionally well on newsstands!

This example illustrates how important it is to consider issue-by-issue variations — because of differences in sell-through, the “typical” newsstand versus direct edition split for a given time period isn’t necessarily going to hold for each individual issue and is only a broad guideline for big-picture thinking.

And for the earlier part of the 1980’s especially (before direct edition sales overtook newsstand), it isn’t safe to conclude that newsstand is always going to be the more-rare type. But because we have a price variant window from 1982-1986 for Marvel, it is safe to conclude that the newsstand price variants are going to be the most-rare type, thereby providing a newsstand-focused collecting approach that brings us the kind of extreme rarity we newsstand-focused collectors like to look for — and for ASM #252 which was published in 1984 and thus falls directly into that 1980’s price variant window, the 75¢ price variant newsstand copies of issue #252 are going to be the most-rare type, accounting for just 2% of the CBCS census total for the issue, as of the May 15, 2020 data.

I noticed a similar occurrence (albeit less extreme) in the 1992 numbers with ASM #361 (Carnage Part One): Excluding Amazing Spider-Man #361, the data for 1992 looks like this: 17.4% newsstand (97/557) versus 82.6% direct edition (460/557). But then for ASM #361 itself, we find a full 40% of the CBCS census copies labeled as Newsstand Edition (379 copies) versus 60% labeled as Direct Edition (563 copies). While still skewed towards direct edition prevalence, the newsstand percentage for this issue is notably higher than the rest of 1992 ex-ASM-361, and this may once again tie back to the “big event” nature of the issue (part one of Carnage) — perhaps collector demand did not get filled at the comic shops with direct editions, leading collectors over to newsstands to gather and preserve more copies of issue #361.

But like with ASM #252 which had a newsstand price variant — in that case a 75¢ Canadian Price Variant (1st print Type 1A variant copies sold on newsstands in Canada) — here again with ASM #361 there is a newsstand price variant we can choose to collect and it makes up a minuscule fraction of total census copies of the issue: the $1.80 Australian Price Variant (1st print Type 1A variant copies sold on newsstands in Australia).

asm--361-newsstand-price-variant

[And since this post covered 1979-1981 I’d be remiss if I did not mention that there exist U.K. Pence Price Variants during those years, e.g. X-Men #141 (notice below how rather than carrying a bar code, it has a Spidey-head logo counterpart to direct editions).]

x-men-141-pence

With that I’m going to bring this post to a close… I hope you found this to be an interesting peek into the newsstand versus direct edition CBCS population data, and you can delve further into the CBCS census yourself at the following address: https://www.cbcscomics.com/population-report/

Happy Collecting, and below is the raw data itself that I collected from the CBCS census for this post.

– Ben

All “Newsstand Edition” and “Direct Edition” counts found by publication year, for ASM, X-Men, and Hulk, as of 5/15/2020:

Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #188 Newsstand Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #189 Newsstand Edition count: 13
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #190 Newsstand Edition count: 16
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #191 Newsstand Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #192 Newsstand Edition count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #193 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #193 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #194 Direct Edition count: 100
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #194 Newsstand Edition count: 173
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #195 Newsstand Edition count: 18
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #195 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #196 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #197 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #197 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #198 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #198 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #199 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #199 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #200 Newsstand Edition count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #117 Newsstand Edition count: 23
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #118 Newsstand Edition count: 25
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #119 Newsstand Edition count: 23
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #120 Newsstand Edition count: 72
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #121 Newsstand Edition count: 66
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #122 Newsstand Edition count: 12
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #122 Direct Edition count: 13
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #123 Direct Edition count: 14
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #123 Newsstand Edition count: 8
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #124 Newsstand Edition count: 13
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #124 Direct Edition count: 14
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #125 Newsstand Edition count: 9
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #125 Direct Edition count: 20
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #126 Direct Edition count: 14
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #126 Newsstand Edition count: 7
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #127 Direct Edition count: 12
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #127 Newsstand Edition count: 13
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #128 Direct Edition count: 16
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #128 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #231 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #232 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #233 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #234 Newsstand Edition count: 10
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #235 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #236 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #236 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #237 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #239 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #240 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #241 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #242 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #242 Newsstand Edition count: 1
1979 NEWSSTAND: 70.87% (562/793)
1979 DIRECT EDITION: 29.13% (231/793)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #200 Newsstand Edition count: 23
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #200 Direct Edition count: 31
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #201 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #201 Newsstand Edition count: 10
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #202 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #202 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #203 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #203 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #204 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #204 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #205 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #205 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #206 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #206 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #207 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #208 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #208 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #209 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #209 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #210 Direct Edition count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #210 Newsstand Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #211 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #136 Direct Edition count: 3
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #131 Direct Edition count: 15
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #131 Newsstand Edition count: 19
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #132 Newsstand Edition count: 17
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #132 Direct Edition count: 14
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #133 Direct Edition count: 22
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #133 Newsstand Edition count: 25
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #134 Direct Edition count: 32
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #134 Newsstand Edition count: 40
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #135 Direct Edition count: 31
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #135 Newsstand Edition count: 32
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #136 Newsstand Edition count: 31
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #136 Direct Edition count: 33
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #137 Newsstand Edition count: 34
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #137 Direct Edition count: 72
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #138 Direct Edition count: 21
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #138 Newsstand Edition count: 12
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #139 Direct Edition count: 23
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #139 Newsstand Edition count: 21
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #140 Newsstand Edition count: 22
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #245 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #247 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #248 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #250 Newsstand Edition count: 8
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #250 Direct Edition count: 7
1980 NEWSSTAND: 49.26% (332/674)
1980 DIRECT EDITION: 50.74% (342/674)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #212 Direct Edition count: 20
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #212 Newsstand Edition count: 17
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #213 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #213 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #214 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #214 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #215 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #215 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #216 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #216 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #217 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #217 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #218 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #218 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #219 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #219 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #220 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #220 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #221 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #222 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #222 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #223 Newsstand Edition count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #141 Direct Edition count: 96
X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #141 Newsstand Edition count: 83
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #142 Direct Edition count: 93
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #142 Newsstand Edition count: 49
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #143 Newsstand Edition count: 14
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #143 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #144 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #144 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #145 Newsstand Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #145 Direct Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #146 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #146 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #147 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #147 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #148 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #148 Direct Edition count: 14
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #149 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #149 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #150 Direct Edition count: 17
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #150 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #151 Direct Edition count: 9
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #151 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #152 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #152 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1981) #255 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1981) #258 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1981) #259 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1981) #265 Newsstand Edition count: 1
1981 NEWSSTAND: 40.94% (217/530)
1981 DIRECT EDITION: 59.06% (313/530)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #224 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #225 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #225 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #226 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #226 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #227 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #229 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #229 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #230 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #230 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #232 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #232 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #233 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #234 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #234 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #235 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #153 Direct Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #153 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #154 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #154 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #155 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #155 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #156 Direct Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #156 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #157 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #157 Direct Edition count: 16
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #158 Direct Edition count: 21
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #158 Newsstand Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #159 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #159 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #160 Direct Edition count: 25
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #160 Newsstand Edition count: 9
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #161 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #161 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #162 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #163 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #163 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #164 Newsstand Edition count: 17
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #164 Direct Edition count: 33
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #270 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #271 Direct Edition count: 49
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #271 Newsstand Edition count: 62
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #272 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #272 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #273 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #276 Newsstand Edition count: 1
1982 NEWSSTAND: 39.17% (141/360)
1982 DIRECT EDITION: 60.83% (219/360)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #231 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #236 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #236 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #237 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #237 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #238 Direct Edition count: 141
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #238 Newsstand Edition count: 102
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #239 Newsstand Edition count: 12
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #239 Direct Edition count: 15
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #240 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #240 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #241 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #241 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #242 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #242 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #243 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #243 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #244 Direct Edition count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #244 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #245 Direct Edition count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #245 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #246 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #246 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #247 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #247 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #165 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #165 Direct Edition count: 9
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #166 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #166 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #167 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #167 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #168 Direct Edition count: 11
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #168 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #169 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #169 Direct Edition count: 11
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #170 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #170 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #171 Direct Edition count: 24
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #171 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #172 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #172 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #173 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #174 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #175 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #175 Direct Edition count: 10
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #176 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #280 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #281 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #282 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #282 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #283 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #284 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #285 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #287 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #289 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #290 Direct Edition count: 2
1983 NEWSSTAND: 34.03% (162/476)
1983 DIRECT EDITION: 65.97% (314/476)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #248 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #249 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #249 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #250 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #250 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #251 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #252 Direct Edition count: 130
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #252 Newsstand Edition count: 291
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #253 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #253 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #254 Direct Edition count: 15
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #254 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #255 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #255 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #256 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #256 Direct Edition count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #257 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #258 Direct Edition count: 29
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #258 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #259 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #259 Direct Edition count: 10
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #177 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #177 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #178 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #179 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #180 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #181 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #183 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #183 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #184 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #184 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #185 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #186 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #186 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #187 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #188 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #188 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #291 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #292 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #295 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #296 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #297 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #298 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #300 Direct Edition count: 6
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #301 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #302 Direct Edition count: 1
1984 NEWSSTAND: 53.31% (322/604)
1984 DIRECT EDITION: 46.69% (282/604)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #260 Direct Edition count: 22
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #260 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #261 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #261 Direct Edition count: 15
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #262 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #263 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #263 Direct Edition count: 12
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #264 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #265 Newsstand Edition count: 34
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #265 Direct Edition count: 58
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #266 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #267 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #267 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #268 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #268 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #269 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #270 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #270 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #271 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #189 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #190 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #191 Direct Edition count: 11
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #192 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #192 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #193 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #193 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #194 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #194 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #195 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #196 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #197 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #198 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #198 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #199 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #199 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #200 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #200 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #303 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #308 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #311 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #312 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #314 Direct Edition count: 6
1985 NEWSSTAND: 21.31% (52/244)
1985 DIRECT EDITION: 78.69% (192/244)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #272 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #273 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #274 Direct Edition count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #274 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #275 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #276 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #276 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #277 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #277 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #278 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #278 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #279 Direct Edition count: 12
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #279 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #280 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #281 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #282 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #282 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #283 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #283 Direct Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #201 Newsstand Edition count: 10
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #201 Direct Edition count: 47
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #202 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #202 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #203 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #203 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #204 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #205 Direct Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #206 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #206 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #207 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #207 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #208 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #209 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #210 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #210 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #211 Direct Edition count: 33
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #211 Newsstand Edition count: 13
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #212 Direct Edition count: 25
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #212 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #317 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #318 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #319 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #319 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #321 Direct Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #322 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #324 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #324 Direct Edition count: 13
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #325 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #325 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #326 Direct Edition count: 1
1986 NEWSSTAND: 18.46% (55/298)
1986 DIRECT EDITION: 81.54% (243/298)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #284 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #284 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #285 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #285 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #286 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #286 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #287 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #288 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #288 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #289 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #289 Direct Edition count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #290 Direct Edition count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #290 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #291 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #291 Direct Edition count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #292 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #292 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #293 Direct Edition count: 40
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #293 Newsstand Edition count: 13
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #294 Newsstand Edition count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #294 Direct Edition count: 38
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #295 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #295 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #213 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #213 Direct Edition count: 36
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #214 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #215 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #215 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #216 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #217 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #218 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #219 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #220 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #221 Newsstand Edition count: 20
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #221 Direct Edition count: 111
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #222 Direct Edition count: 41
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #222 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #223 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #223 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #224 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #327 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #330 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #330 Direct Edition count: 12
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #331 Direct Edition count: 5
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #331 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #332 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #333 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #334 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #335 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #336 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #336 Direct Edition count: 5
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #337 Direct Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #338 Direct Edition count: 1
1987 NEWSSTAND: 17.76% (81/456)
1987 DIRECT EDITION: 82.24% (375/456)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #296 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #297 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #298 Direct Edition count: 111
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #298 Newsstand Edition count: 33
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #299 Direct Edition count: 95
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #299 Newsstand Edition count: 18
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #300 Direct Edition count: 627
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #300 Newsstand Edition count: 305
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #301 Newsstand Edition count: 17
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #301 Direct Edition count: 57
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #302 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #302 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #303 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #304 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #305 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #306 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #306 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #307 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #307 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #308 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #308 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #309 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #310 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #310 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #225 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #225 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #226 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #227 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #228 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #229 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #229 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #230 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #231 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #232 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #233 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #234 Direct Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #234 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #235 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #236 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #237 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #238 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #239 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #248 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #248 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #339 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #340 Newsstand Edition count: 43
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #340 Direct Edition count: 183
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #341 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #342 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #343 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #343 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #344 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #344 Direct Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #345 Direct Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #346 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #347 Direct Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #349 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #350 Direct Edition count: 3
1988 NEWSSTAND: 26.88% (439/1633)
1988 DIRECT EDITION: 73.12% (1194/1633)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #309 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #311 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #311 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #312 Direct Edition count: 16
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #312 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #313 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #313 Direct Edition count: 15
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #314 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #314 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #315 Direct Edition count: 19
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #315 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #316 Direct Edition count: 96
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #316 Newsstand Edition count: 25
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #317 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #317 Direct Edition count: 24
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #318 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #318 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #319 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #320 Direct Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #321 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #321 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #322 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #322 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #323 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #324 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #324 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #325 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #325 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #326 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #327 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #240 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #240 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #241 Direct Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #242 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #242 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #243 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #244 Newsstand Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #244 Direct Edition count: 81
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #245 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #245 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #246 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #247 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #247 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #248 Direct Edition count: 60
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #248 Newsstand Edition count: 13
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #249 Direct Edition count: 10
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #250 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #250 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #251 Direct Edition count: 9
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #251 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #252 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #252 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #253 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #254 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #255 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #256 Direct Edition count: 26
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #256 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1989) #351 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1989) #354 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1989) #355 Direct Edition count: 1
1989 NEWSSTAND: 16.70% (88/527)
1989 DIRECT EDITION: 83.30% (439/527)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #328 Newsstand Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #328 Direct Edition count: 25
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #329 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #330 Direct Edition count: 28
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #330 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #331 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #331 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #332 Direct Edition count: 12
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #332 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #333 Direct Edition count: 12
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #333 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #334 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #335 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #337 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #337 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #338 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #339 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #340 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #342 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #365 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #257 Direct Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #258 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #260 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #262 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #263 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #264 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #264 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #265 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #266 Newsstand Edition count: 146
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #266 Direct Edition count: 527
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #267 Direct Edition count: 15
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #267 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #268 Newsstand Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #268 Direct Edition count: 60
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #269 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #270 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #271 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #368 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #372 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #373 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #374 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #375 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #376 Direct Edition count: 2
1990 NEWSSTAND: 19.02% (175/920)
1990 DIRECT EDITION: 80.98% (745/920)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #343 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #344 Direct Edition count: 85
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #344 Newsstand Edition count: 16
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #345 Direct Edition count: 33
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #345 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #346 Direct Edition count: 21
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #346 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #347 Direct Edition count: 27
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #347 Newsstand Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #348 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #350 Direct Edition count: 10
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #351 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #351 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #352 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #352 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #353 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #354 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #355 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #356 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #361 Newsstand Edition count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #361 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #362 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #363 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #272 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #273 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #273 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #274 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #274 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #275 Direct Edition count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #275 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #276 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #277 Direct Edition count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #280 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #281 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #281 Direct Edition count: 56
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #282 Direct Edition count: 94
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #282 Newsstand Edition count: 10
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #283 Direct Edition count: 44
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #283 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1991) #377 Direct Edition count: 87
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1991) #377 Newsstand Edition count: 8
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1991) #379 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1991) #382 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1991) #385 Newsstand Edition count: 1
1991 NEWSSTAND: 11.82% (70/592)
1991 DIRECT EDITION: 88.18% (522/592)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #101 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #357 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #358 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #359 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #359 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #360 Direct Edition count: 23
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #360 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #361 Direct Edition count: 563
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #361 Newsstand Edition count: 379
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #362 Newsstand Edition count: 48
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #362 Direct Edition count: 128
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #363 Direct Edition count: 115
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #363 Newsstand Edition count: 21
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #364 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #365 Direct Edition count: 92
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #365 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #366 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #366 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #367 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #368 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #369 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #370 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #370 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #371 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #282 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #282 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #284 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #285 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #286 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #286 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #287 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #287 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #288 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #289 Direct Edition count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #290 Direct Edition count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #290 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #291 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #292 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #293 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #294 Direct Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #295 Direct Edition count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #295 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #389 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #390 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #391 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #393 Newsstand Edition count: 8
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #393 Direct Edition count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #394 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #397 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #399 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #400 Direct Edition count: 6
1992 NEWSSTAND: 31.75% (476/1499)
1992 DIRECT EDITION: 68.25% (1023/1499)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #372 Direct Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #373 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #374 Direct Edition count: 19
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #374 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #375 Newsstand Edition count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #375 Direct Edition count: 85
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #376 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #377 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #378 Direct Edition count: 17
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #378 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #379 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #379 Direct Edition count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #380 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #380 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #381 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #381 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #382 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #383 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #384 Direct Edition count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #296 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #297 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #300 Direct Edition count: 18
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #300 Newsstand Edition count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #302 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #303 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #304 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #304 Direct Edition count: 13
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #307 Direct Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #393 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #405 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #409 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #410 Direct Edition count: 1
1993 NEWSSTAND: 8.30% (19/229)
1993 DIRECT EDITION: 91.70% (210/229)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #385 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #385 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #386 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #386 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #387 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #387 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #388 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #388 Direct Edition count: 12
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #389 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #392 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #393 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #394 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #395 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #308 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #309 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #312 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #316 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #316 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #317 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #318 Direct Edition count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1994) #418 Direct Edition count: 10
Incredible Hulk (marvel – 1994) #418 Newsstand Edition count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1994) #419 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1994) #420 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1994) #423 Direct Edition count: 1
1994 NEWSSTAND: 15.52% (9/58)
1994 DIRECT EDITION: 84.48% (49/58)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #399 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #400 Direct Edition count: 23
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #400 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #401 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #403 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #405 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1995) #320 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1995) #322 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1995) #325 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1995) #425 Direct Edition count: 3
1995 NEWSSTAND: 12.20% (5/41)
1995 DIRECT EDITION: 87.80% (36/41)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #407 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #408 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #408 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #410 Newsstand Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #410 Direct Edition count: 13
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #411 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #412 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #413 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #415 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #416 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #418 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1996) #328 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1996) #333 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1996) #338 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1996) #441 Direct Edition count: 6
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1996) #442 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1996) #444 Direct Edition count: 1
1996 NEWSSTAND: 14.00% (7/50)
1996 DIRECT EDITION: 86.00% (43/50)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #419 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #421 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #422 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #423 Direct Edition count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #424 Direct Edition count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #425 Direct Edition count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #427 Direct Edition count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #428 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #429 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #342 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #346 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #350 Direct Edition count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #-1 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #449 Direct Edition count: 44
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #454 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #454 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #-1 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #-1 Direct Edition count: 1
1997 NEWSSTAND: 2.60% (2/77)
1997 DIRECT EDITION: 97.40% (75/77)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #430 Direct Edition count: 32
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #430 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #431 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #431 Direct Edition count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #433 Direct Edition count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #439 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #440 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #441 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1998) #352 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1998) #356 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1998) #358 Direct Edition count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1998) #360 Newsstand Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1998) #460 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1998) #467 Direct Edition count: 2
1998 NEWSSTAND: 5.17% (3/58)
1998 DIRECT EDITION: 94.83% (55/58)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1999) #v2 #1 Direct Edition count: 16
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1999) #v2 #12 Direct Edition count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1999) #1 Direct Edition count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1999) #474 Direct Edition count: 5
1999 NEWSSTAND: 0.00% (0/23)
1999 DIRECT EDITION: 100.00% (23/23)


Just 9.8 “Newsstand Edition” and “Direct Edition” counts found among the above, as of 5/15/2020:

Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #189 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #190 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #191 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #192 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #193 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #193 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #194 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #195 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #195 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1979) #198 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #117 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #119 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #120 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 3
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #121 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 6
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #122 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 3
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #123 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #123 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #124 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #124 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #125 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #126 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #127 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #127 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1979) #128 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #234 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #236 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1979) #241 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1979 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 67.92% (36/53)
1979 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 32.08% (17/53)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #200 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #201 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #201 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #202 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #203 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #204 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #206 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1980) #209 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #136 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #134 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #135 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #135 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #136 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #137 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #137 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #138 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1980) #138 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #248 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1980) #250 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
1980 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 25.00% (11/44)
1980 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 75.00% (33/44)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #212 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #212 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #214 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #215 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #217 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #219 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #220 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #221 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1981) #222 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #141 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #141 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #142 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #143 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #144 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #145 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #145 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #146 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #147 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #148 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #149 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #149 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #150 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #151 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1981) #152 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1981) #265 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
1981 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 20.37% (11/54)
1981 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 79.63% (43/54)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #226 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #229 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #230 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #233 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1982) #235 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #153 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #154 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #155 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #156 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #157 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #160 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 11
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #160 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #161 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #162 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #163 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #164 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1982) #164 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #271 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1982) #271 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
1982 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 13.79% (8/58)
1982 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 86.21% (50/58)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #236 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #238 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #239 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #241 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #243 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #243 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #245 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1983) #246 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #165 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #165 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #166 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #167 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #168 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #169 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #170 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #171 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #171 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #172 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #173 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1983) #176 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #284 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #289 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1983) #290 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1983 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 9.72% (7/72)
1983 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 90.28% (65/72)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #250 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #252 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 13
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #252 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #254 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #255 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #256 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #257 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #258 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 17
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #258 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1984) #259 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #177 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #178 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #179 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #184 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #185 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1984) #186 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #295 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #300 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1984) #302 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1984 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 14.29% (11/77)
1984 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 85.71% (66/77)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #260 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #261 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #263 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #263 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #265 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #265 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 10
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #267 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #268 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #269 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #270 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1985) #271 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #189 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #190 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #191 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #193 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #195 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #196 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #197 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1985) #199 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #311 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1985) #312 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1985 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 11.11% (7/63)
1985 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 88.89% (56/63)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #272 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #274 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #275 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #277 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #278 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #280 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #282 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1986) #283 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #201 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #202 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #207 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #207 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #211 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 13
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #211 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1986) #212 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #318 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #321 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #324 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1986) #325 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1986 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 3.92% (2/51)
1986 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 96.08% (49/51)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #284 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #286 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #286 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #287 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #289 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #289 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #290 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #292 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1987) #293 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #213 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #215 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #216 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #217 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #221 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #221 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 14
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1987) #222 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #327 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #330 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #332 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #334 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #335 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #336 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1987) #337 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
1987 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 5.26% (3/57)
1987 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 94.74% (54/57)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #297 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #298 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 10
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #298 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #299 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 11
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #299 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #300 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #300 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #303 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #305 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #306 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #307 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #308 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #308 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1988) #310 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #225 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #226 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #228 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #229 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #230 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #231 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #234 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #235 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #236 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #237 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1988) #238 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #340 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 10
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #341 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #342 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #347 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1988) #350 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1988 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 9.21% (7/76)
1988 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 90.79% (69/76)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #311 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #311 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #312 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #312 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #313 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #313 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #314 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #315 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #315 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #316 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 19
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #316 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 5
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #317 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #318 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #318 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #319 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 6
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #321 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #322 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #323 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #324 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #324 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #325 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #326 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1989) #327 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #241 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #243 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #244 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 9
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #246 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #248 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #248 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #249 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #250 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #251 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #252 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1989) #256 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
1989 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 14.55% (16/110)
1989 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 85.45% (94/110)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #328 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #328 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #329 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #330 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 24
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #330 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #331 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #332 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #333 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #333 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #334 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #338 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #340 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1990) #342 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #258 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #260 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #262 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #264 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #266 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #266 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 60
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #267 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #268 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #268 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1990) #270 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #372 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1990) #374 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1990 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 9.29% (13/140)
1990 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 90.71% (127/140)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #343 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #344 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 18
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #344 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #345 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 14
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #345 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #346 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #346 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #347 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #348 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #350 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #351 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #351 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #352 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #353 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #354 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #355 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #361 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1991) #361 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #272 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #274 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #275 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #276 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #277 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 6
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #281 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 25
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #282 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 12
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #282 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1991) #283 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 13
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1991) #377 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 12
1991 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 5.80% (8/138)
1991 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 94.20% (130/138)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #359 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #360 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #361 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 103
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #361 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 43
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #362 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 21
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #362 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 46
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #363 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 37
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #363 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #364 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #365 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 17
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #366 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #367 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #368 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #370 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1992) #371 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #284 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #285 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #286 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #287 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #288 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #289 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #290 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 5
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #291 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #292 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #293 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #294 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1992) #295 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #389 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #391 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #393 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 4
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #394 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #397 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #399 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1992) #400 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
1992 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 22.59% (75/332)
1992 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 77.41% (257/332)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #372 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #373 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #374 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 9
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #375 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #375 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 39
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #378 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 8
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #378 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #379 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #380 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #383 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1993) #384 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #300 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 8
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #304 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1993) #307 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #393 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #405 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #409 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1993) #410 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1993 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 3.26% (3/92)
1993 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 96.74% (89/92)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #385 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #386 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #387 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #388 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #388 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #392 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1994) #394 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #312 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #316 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #316 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1994) #318 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1994) #418 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1994) #420 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1994 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 7.69% (2/26)
1994 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 92.31% (24/26)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #399 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #400 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #401 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1995) #403 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1995) #320 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1995) #322 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1995) #425 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
1995 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 0.00% (0/13)
1995 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 100.00% (13/13)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #410 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #410 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 7
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #411 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #412 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #413 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #415 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1996) #416 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1996) #333 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1996) #441 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
1996 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 12.50% (3/24)
1996 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 87.50% (21/24)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #421 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #422 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #423 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #424 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #425 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 4
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #427 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 3
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1997) #428 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #342 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #350 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Uncanny X-Men (Marvel – 1997) #-1 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #449 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 9
Incredible Hulk (Marvel – 1997) #-1 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1997 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 0.00% (0/27)
1997 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 100.00% (27/27)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #430 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 25
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #430 Newsstand Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #431 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #433 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 2
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #439 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1998) #440 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 1
1998 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 3.12% (1/32)
1998 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 96.88% (31/32)
Amazing Spider-Man (Marvel – 1999) #v2 #1 Direct Edition 9.8 count: 10
1999 NEWSSTAND 9.8: 0.00% (0/10)
1999 DIRECT EDITION 9.8: 100.00% (10/10)

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Canadian Newsstand Edition, Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books

Applause To CBCS Releasing Their Census!

By Benjamin Nobel, 5/9/2020

On Thursday of last week, CBCS announced their long-awaited census — or “Population Report” as they are calling it — revealing the counts and grades for each of the books that have passed through their doors since the time they first appeared on the scene as CGC’s primary competitor in the comic book grading business.

For newsstand-focused collectors such as myself, this new research tool is going to provide a treasure trove of data that CGC hasn’t been able to give us, because ever since April of 2017, CBCS has been distinguishing newsstand versus direct edition on their labels and in their records (at least for books up until the year 2000; unfortunately after that arbitrary publication date we’re out of luck). And, from the beginning CBCS has been distinguishing Canadian Price Variants as well, as distinctly-labeled census variants — initially denoting them as “Canadian Edition” and then since October 2018 denoting as “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” (and similar, depending on actual cover price).

All of this data in turn is now available in the new population report! Yippee!! 🙂 But given all the changes to their labeling over time, the numbers revealed in the new population report are a little tricky to work with when it comes to issues with US newsstand and CPV variants because there are more census entries than there are actual variants of each issue.

To illustrate this trickiness, and to lay out how I think it makes sense for us to look at the CBCS census data when exploring relative rarity, consider Amazing Spider-Man #238. Marvel published three different “triplets” when this book was manufactured, i.e. three versions manufactured on the same equipment with identical indicia and interior pages, and with the exact order of birth among the triplets unknown (thus all three have equal claim on being 1st print copies).

But instead of three matching entries in the CBCS census report, they give us five entries: there’s an entry with a blank variant field for books where the US newsstand versus direct edition distinction wasn’t recorded for 60¢ cover price copies (the “old way”); there’s the old “Canadian Edition” entry for 75¢ cover price copies (the “old way”); there’s the new “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” entry for CPVs graded after October 2018; and there’s the “Direct Edition” and “Newsstand Edition” entries — the “new way” following their April 2017 announcement:

asm-238-cbcs-census-may-2020

Much like television ratings, election polling, and Governor Cuomo’s recent Covid-19 antibody testing in NY all are done by taking a sample (a small portion of the population) to determine relative percentages among the sample, I believe that looking at the census data from CBCS can give us excellent information about the relative rarity among the three types of ASM #238 comics published, even though CBCS-graded books are just a small sample of the total copies out there in the world.

So: Is there a way to look at the new census data for the above 5 census entries for this book and translate that data down to the three actual types published? Here’s how I approach this question:

• First, I want to look at the 60¢ cover price copies and see the ratio of newsstand to direct edition copies using the “Newsstand Edition” and “Direct Edition” census entries. Unfortunately the sample size is still pretty small because CBCS is still young, but, let’s work with the data we have for now, and keep an eye on the population report numbers over time as more data accumulates. And the data we have for now, as of the May 9, 2020 population report for ASM #238, shows 141 direct editions against 102 newsstand editions. That’s 58% direct edition : 42% newsstand.

• Next, I’m going to apply that 58:42 ratio, against the “old way” census count from when the two types were still lumped together, i.e. let’s assume for this exercise that the ratio we see will be similar to that of the “broken out” copies that were graded post- April 2017. I recognize that this is an assumption, and we don’t know for sure; not only are the numbers smallish, but submission behavior might have actually changed as a result of the label change once it happened… but we have to work with the data set we have, not the ideal data that we want. So we’ll make the assumption and we’ll extrapolate. This extrapolation breaks the “lumped” census entry into 118 direct editions and 86 newsstand editions, bringing the “extrapolated total” to 259 direct edition : 188 newsstand edition.

• Finally, we can add together the “Canadian Edition” and the “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” counts: this gives us a total of 8 price variants across the two differently-named entries.

• So now we can input our three pie slices, revealing the relative rarity difference between the three types using the CBCS population report, as of the May 9, 2020 data:

asm-238-cbcs-population-report

So that’s ~1.8% for the 75¢ variant of ASM #238 as a percentage of the total — and to think about such a percentage in the context of “modern variant terms” it is worth noting that “1:50” as a percentage is 1 divided by 50 which is 2%, so that’s good context for wrapping our heads around the price variant relative rarity level seen on the CBCS census today for this issue.  Meanwhile the US newsstand version made up 41.3% and the direct edition made up 56.9%.

So that “walk-through” above is how I’m approaching the CBCS census data.  Performing this same type of exercise should be interesting for many other books as well; it will be interesting to study how the rarity numbers trend for certain titles compared to others, and also for later years compared to earlier years (not to mention publisher vs. publisher).

There are thousands of books to potentially study ultimately, but for a quick look at some interesting keys and to satisfy my own curiosity for today, I performed the same exercise as done with ASM #238 above, for a number of other comics.

First, I took a quick glance at the universe of Canadian Price Variants through time, using some of my favorite Marvel & DC CPVs by year, picking one key book for each year from 1982-1988; I found the following relative rarity data (again this is all using the May 9, 2020 data from CBCS, which for the table below is for a total of 5,179 submissions, and we’ll have to see how the numbers fill out as time passes and more data accumulates):

Year Book Direct Edition Newsstand Edition
Regular Price Variant
1982 Wolverine #2 (1st Full Yukio) 80% 18% 1.5%
1983 ASM #238 (1st Hobgoblin) 57% 41% 1.8%
1984 Secret Wars #8 (Symbiote Origin) 79% 19% 1.4%
1985 Web of Spider-Man #1 (1st Vulturions) 88% 11% 1.4%
1986 X-Factor #6 (1st Apocalypse) 78% 21% 1.2%
1987 Batman #404 (Year One Part I) 94% 5% 0.7%
1988 Batman #423 (Todd McFarlane Classic) 82% 17% 1.3%

Over in our CPV price guide intro section we presented survivorship estimates for 1980’s Marvel & DC CPVs as a group, estimating ~80% direct edition, ~18% regular newsstand, and ~2% newsstand price variants, and in the detailed explanation page we talked about how the percentage of total sales shifted towards direct edition prevalence sometime near the middle of the 1980’s; since the variants were a newsstand-only phenomenon, this would drive the variant percentage to be higher towards the beginning of the variant window, and lower towards the end of the variant window, all else equal. The CBCS census data will no doubt help with researching newsstand percentages in more detail, not just by year and by publisher, but issue-by-issue.

And moving into the 1990’s and another section of the world of cover price variant comics, I was also curious to look up CBCS census data for Marvel’s two big APVs: the New Mutants #98 $1.50 Australian Price Variant and the Amazing Spider-Man #361 $1.80 Australian Price Variant.  As it turns out, CBCS has only graded one of each variant to date, but it is still interesting to see the direct edition : newsstand : price variant ratios on census as of today for these two mega-key comic books:

Year Book Direct Edition Newsstand Edition
Regular Price Variant
1991 New Mutants #98 (1st Deadpool) 76% 24% 0.04%
1992 ASM #361 (1st Full Carnage) 60% 40% 0.06%

Here are a few other books of the late-1980’s and 1990’s, ones that don’t have Type 1A price variants but where I was still interested to see the direct edition : newsstand percentage on census:

Year Book Direct Edition Newsstand
1988 ASM #300 (1st Venom) 67.2% 32.8%
1988 Hulk #340 (McFarlane Classic) 81.0% 19.0%
1990 Uncanny X-Men #266 (Gambit) 78.4% 21.6%
1990 New Mutants #87 (Cable) 80.7% 19.3%
1992 Spawn #1 91.4% 8.6%
1993 Batman Adventures #12 (1st Harley Quinn) 83.8% 16.3%

Unfortunately CBCS decided only to break out the newsstand vs. direct edition difference through the end of the 1990’s (hopefully one day they’ll extend that, because ending at the year 2000 as they did is completely arbitrary, and the newsstand rarity discussions and estimates really have the newsstand numbers falling off a cliff into the 2000’s so it would have been great to measure those later newsstand books too). [Fortunately, CGC meanwhile does break out some of the newsstand comics of the 2000’s when they are cover price variants of the issue number, such as the $3.99 cover price newsstand comics whose direct edition counterparts are priced $1 lower at $2.99, so we can study census data over there at CGC for those.]

But while CBCS’s new census doesn’t help us study relative rarity data into the 2000’s through to the end of the newsstand distribution era, it can help us see some data for the beginning of the direct edition era, which is also a quite fascinating period to look into. Some of the estimates out there for the very early direct editions have the year 1979 for example at 90-94% newsstand at time of distribution. Even after layering on the notorious newsstand destruction rate (with direct editions meanwhile tending to be purchased by collectors and carefully preserved), surviving direct editions from this “early” time-frame sometimes seem much harder to find out there in the marketplace; will they show up with smaller numbers on the CBCS census? Let’s check a couple of big keys.

I consider any direct editions with the bar-code strike-through instead of a graphical logo (like the Spidey Head) to be “early” direct editions [if you are unfamiliar with the newsstand vs. direct edition difference, see Comic Book Newsstand Editions: Understanding The Difference]. One example key with a bar-code strike-through being Amazing Spider-Man #194 (1st Black Cat). And before 1979 there are the No Month Variants / Pre-Pack Editions / Whitman 3-Pack Variants like Spectacular Spider-Man #27 which has just a blank box in place of a bar code (on CBCS’s census, instead of calling them “Direct Edition” CBCS uses “3-Pack Variant”). What is the newsstand : direct CBCS census breakdown for these early direct-sold examples? Here are the current numbers (once again based on the 5/9/2020 CBCS census data):

Year Book Direct Newsstand
1977 Spectacular Spider-Man #27 (1st Frank Miller Daredevil) 11.8%* 88.2%
1979 Amazing Spider-Man #194 (1st Black Cat) 36.9% 63.1%

* I don’t know if “3-Pack Variant” tracking began at CBCS at the same time as the newsstand/direct break-outs, or if it began from the beginning; there are 4 books classified “3-Pack Variant” against 30 “Newsstand Edition” and 36 without a designation for Spectacular #27; in the above I have counted the 4 against only the “Newsstand Edition” copies yielding 4/34=11.8% but the proper comparison might also be to add in the 36 unclassified copies if “3-Pack Variant” dates back to the beginning, in which case it would be copies 4/70=5.7% — either way the 3-pack variants are clearly the more rare type on census.

And the final book I looked up today is Wolverine Limited Series #1, published in 1982 when we’d expect to still be seeing mostly newsstand copies dominating Marvel’s sales, and yet, much like we see when studying marketplace availability for this issue, the bulk of CBCS graded copies of the issue on record to date are direct editions — about 3 of every 4:

Year Book Direct Newsstand
1982 Wolverine Limited Series #1 75.4% 24.6%

 
The newly launched CBCS census is a great research tool for newsstand-focused collectors; there are soooo many other books we can check out, and it is also fascinating to drill down into the 9.8 grade and compare the types surviving in that coveted NM/MT condition, but for now I’m going to end this post here [5/16 update: here’s another post, studying CBCS census newsstand rarity by year]. If you’re curious about other books yourself, here’s a direct link to the new CBCS census: https://www.cbcscomics.com/population-report/

Happy Collecting! 🙂
– Ben

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Canadian Newsstand Edition, Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books, Growing Newsstand Awareness

CPV Discussions In Overstreet #49 Market Reports

overstreet-guides

8/4/2019

Last week I got my copy of the Overstreet Price Guide (OPG) #49. I have fond memories of using the Overstreet guides as a kid to value my childhood collection from year to year, but the truth is that as an adult this is only the 3rd OPG I’ve acquired since I got re-hooked on comic book collecting back in 2003 (my 2003 plan to sell off my childhood collection “backfired” as it ultimately got me instead re-hooked on the hobby!).

The first OPG guide I acquired as an adult was a used copy of #40 which I picked up several years ago for the sole purpose of reading Jon McClure’s variant article on a recommendation from Bill Alexander (this was before I met Jon and before he put his article online); I next bought OPG #48 in order to have the market reports in print written by my fellow CPV guide collaborators where they would be mentioning our guide; and I bought #49 for the same reason — but across these past two consecutive years of buying the Overstreet guide to read my collaborators’ market reports, I’ve come to really enjoy reading the full market reports section!

But absent these above reasons, I don’t think I’d be acquiring new OPG guides; and I know there are many collectors out there who don’t bother buying the OPG guides anymore but instead simply check sold listings on eBay/etc. to gauge issue values. I even had a conversation not long ago with an eBay buyer who won one of my listings, where we had gotten into chatting about comics (as so often happens), and I had casually mentioned how the variant they had won from me wasn’t even listed in Overstreet yet. Their reply? “What’s Overstreet?” I kid you not! So for those out there reading my blog who might not be picking up Overstreet these days, I thought I’d make this post to share some short selected excerpts that relate to CPVs, and I’d recommend eventually picking up a copy of the Overstreet guide just to access all these wonderful reports in full!

In last year’s market reports section, I thought there was some particularly great discussion of the Newsstand vs. Direct Edition distinction, prompted in part by CBCS becoming the first of the two main grading companies to “break out” the types distinctly. This year, I was wondering what kind of buzz there would be surrounding CPV’s in the market reports following CBCS becoming the first of the two main grading companies to formally recognize Type 1A price variants as price variants on their labels (CGC finally started doing the same in May, which I expect will be discussed in next year’s Overstreet market reports!). And indeed, there were some great CPV discussions and mentions this year! I’d like to discuss a few selected excerpts:

Conan Saunders, MyComicShop / Lone Star Comics

“We received multiple mentions of the growing recognition of Canadian price variants, including a request that Overstreet provide more coverage of Mark Jeweler, Whitman, and Canadian price variants. We have expanded coverage of these variants within our own inventory database and have done well with them.”
— Conan Saunders, Lone Star Comics; OPG #49 page 209

And later, on page 210, in the section written by Buddy Saunders, he specifically mentions that Lone Star Comics will be expanding their selection of Canadian (as well as U.K.) variants! Some of you might remember a collection from many years back that had appeared on MyComicShop which had some stunning-condition CPVs in it — if memory serves it had been called the “WaWa Collection” and it featured NM-range copies of many issues that I’d been hunting for in high grade for years but had never found until that collection went up for sale — and for many of those issue numbers I haven’t seen copies in such high grade ever since!

I don’t know how they ever found that collection but I know that MyComicShop has a reputation for having an extensive network of buying partners… So the thought of MyComicShop actively looking for more great CPV collections makes me excited! 🙂 I for one still have so many variants that I’ve yet to land (or even set eyes on), and others in my collection that I’d love to be able to upgrade, and I’m sure many of you out there are in the same boat… so I hope MyComicShop succeeds in shaking some great CPV’s “out of the woodwork” for all of us, through their collection-buying efforts! But as hopeful as I am that they’ll succeed in sourcing some great new CPVs for their catalog, I also find myself wondering where they’ll actually find them?

Another market report, written by Jay Halstead of “ICE” (icomicexchange.com), described just how things have changed as far as CPV availability — and my own experience hunting for “mis-listed” variants is in-line with what Jay describes, where it used to be the case that with patience I could consistently find CPVs where the seller did not realize they owned a variant, listed their variant for sale as a “regular” copy (no indication anywhere in the title or description that the book was a variant, but the picture clearly showed the price variant) and then priced their CPV copy for sale at “regular price”… but over the years (and especially in the last year) such opportunities have become fewer and further between. Here’s a couple of excerpts from what Jay had to say (and I’d encourage you to read his full report for more details!):

Jay Halstead, ICE

“… [T]he difference between when I started [collecting CPVs] and the last year or so is, now, I look for high grade and WOW, what a difference. You’d think these were part of collections and would be attainable, but I’m telling you, they’ve really dried up in grade! I go through every bin, every box at many cons, and they are still readily available in VG, but in better than VF+ they are nowhere! Now I know a lot of this has to do with hoarding, and holding out until collectors/dealers feel they’ve gained enough value that they can start salting them out into collectors’ hands again, and I would believe that if I weren’t a dealer and getting into rooms before everybody else does. I’m going through dealer inventories when the lids are just being taken off the boxes and there isn’t anything to buy! I believe we (Canadians in general), just took them for granted, at least I know I did. Now that there is demand from south of the border, I’m looking at possibilities I have to start paying real money for some of these (I’ve always paid no more or no less for Canadian price variants, now, on keys anyways, there is at least a 20-50% mark-up everywhere I go)!”
— Jay Halstead, ICE; OPG #49 page 125

Wow: that’s some excellent “boots on the ground” insight there from Jay! Another report, from Marc Sims of Big B Comics, echoed the strong demand out there for CPVs: Marc talked about how in his prior report he had mentioned having boxes-worth of availability of Canadian Price Variants and was immediately inundated with calls and emails as soon as the prior guide was released! That small mention was ultimately the equivalent of an advertisement, generating such strong interest, but what Marc wrote in this year’s report — excerpted below — reveals that collectors were hoping there were keys in those boxes, but that those boxes aren’t filled with keys:

“Canadian Price Variants (CPVs) continued to show strong demand both at home and to collectors in the US. I casually mentioned in last year’s report I have boxes and boxes of CPVs (still true) and was immediately inundated with calls and emails as soon as the Guide was released. Unfortunately most collectors were laser focused on just the big keys, which pretty much sell as soon as I get them, but I am seeing a few more CPV completists these days. Hats off to them I say, as that is a major undertaking and a good life goal.”
— Marc Sims, Big B Comics; OPG #49 page 216

Jim McCallum of Guardian Comics also mentioned strong CPV demand in his report, and I really liked how he called them “natural variants” (contrasting against the great many manufactured rarities we see these days). He also referenced the general Newsstand vs. Direct Edition distinction broadly, which I feel is a huge “mega-trend” that will naturally produce increasing numbers of CPV collectors — i.e. since there are more and more newsstand-focused collectors, and since the Marvel & DC price variants of the 1980’s were newsstand exclusives, CPVs are “riding the wave” of increased awareness of newsstand comics broadly. Here’s a short excerpt from Jim’s report:

“Another huge area of demand appears to be coming from the natural variants, Newsstand vs. Direct Market, Canadian Price Variants, 35¢ cover variants, National Diamond Sales insert/Mark Jeweler insert and similar. Collectors are constantly asking us to find them more. With the use of social media platforms, learning about and obtaining these has never been easier, but lead to more costly comics as more and more continue to want these unique books.”
— Jim McCallum, Guardian Comics; OPG #49 page 174

Dr. Steven Kahn, of Inner Child Comics and Collectibles, also made mention of newsstand desirability in his (excellent) market report. Here’s an excerpt, and I’d highly encourage reading his full report — I especially enjoyed his writing, both this year and last!

“Price variants from the ’70s held no premium for years until the public responded to their rarity. Actually, 2 of the top 3 most valuable Bronze books today are price variants (Star Wars #1, Iron Fist #14). Other variants, such as newsstand editions (especially in high grade), Mark Jeweler’s inserts, or any low run prints are picking up as well.”
— Dr. Steven Kahn, Inner Child Comics and Collectibles; OPG #49 page 161

Continuing the newsstand theme for a moment, in last year’s OPG (#48), Steve Ricketts of CBCS said as follows in his market report:

“Newsstand and Direct variants are quickly gaining popularity with the mainstream collectors. CBCS has seized the reins on this niche of the hobby, by being the only grading service to identify Newsstand and Direct Edition copies in the variant field of the label on books from 1977 through 2000. Once the CBCS census goes live, it will be interesting to see the numbers that have been submitted. In the late 1970’s, Direct Edition comics were less common than Newsstand Editions. As years progressed, Newsstand copies became more and more scarce, with the Newsstand copies of some comics being incredibly hard to find. The hobby will start to learn more about the scarcity of each issue in the coming years. More information is better for everyone, especially involving something that was hiding right under our very noses.”
— Steve Ricketts, CBCS; OPG #48 page 179

I am greatly looking forward to the CBCS census eventually being launched online, allowing us to examine the relative rarity by issue: we’ll be able to see the comparable Newsstand count versus Direct Edition count, for specific issues! Even though the CBCS-graded copies are just a silver of what’s out there for each issue, the relative rarity of the types on census will tell us a lot — just like election polling and television ratings are done by polling just a sliver of the population. But in the meantime there are lot of other ways we can study newsstand vs. direct edition rarity, such as reading newsstand rarity discussions and estimates and also studying relative rarity within the marketplace — as Ben Labonog did in his OPG #48 market report:

“Earlier in the year, I went on a brief run on buying solely newsstand editions of some 1980s keys: Daredevil #158/168, Wolverine #1-4, Amazing Spider-Man #238/252/300, Hulk #340, etc. It was fun and a new challenge for someone used to hunting for Timelys. The newsstand editions vs. direct editions piqued my interest, and so I decided to do a random, one time eBay sampling count of some newsstand keys from the early ’80s to the early ’90s. In most cases, the sample size on eBay was 200+ copies but a few books had sample sizes of 100+ copies. Here’s what I found — all %’s represent the percentage of newsstand copies on eBay for that particular books: Daredevil #168 (56%, 1981), Wolverine #1 (35%, 1982), ASM #238 (40%, 1983), Secret Wars #8 (16%, 1984), Hulk #340 (13%, 1988), ASM #300 (20%, 1988), New Mutants #87 (10%, 1990), X-Men #266 (8%, 1990), Silver Surfer #44 (12%, 1990), New Mutants #98 (13%, 1990), Infinity Gauntlet #1 (8%, 1991). Although the data is small and just a random sampling, it does support the theory that late ’80s/early ’90s newsstand copies are scarcer than early ’80s newsstand copies. This would make sense as local comic shops began appearing in the ’70s and ’80s. This meant less and less newsstand copies were being printed and distributed to grocery stores, drug stores, gas stations, etc. through the 1990s. The direct edition copies were printed in masses and sold at local comic shops. Newsstand editions are commonly found beat, and much tougher to find in high grade. Direct editions are more commonly found in high grade because customers, who bought them from their LCS, were typically collectors who took very good care of their comics.”
— Ben Labonog; OPG #48 page 154

I think that with CPVs, continued growth of investor interest benefits not only from the underlying “mega-trend” of increasing “newsstand awareness” among collectors, but also from an interest in “foreign comics” — which of course CPVs are not because they are instead US-published Type 1A variants, I repeat, not foreign editions, but, historically both CBCS and CGC (up until their respective labeling changes) have labeled Type 1A variants as [Country] Edition, leading many collectors who only look into them “at a glance” to falsely conclude they are foreign editions. And yet, this may have actually drawn certain collectors to CPVs because at the same time newsstand awareness has been increasing so strongly in the hobby, there’s also been a concurrent growth in interest in foreign editions! In his OPG #48 market report, Joseph Fiore of ComicWiz.com touches upon both of these factors; he also talks about the trend of collectors demanding super-high grades (9.6/9.8) for CPVs when the reality is that very few actually exist in the top grades; here’s an excerpt of his discussion:

“The one trend I have noticed which is of some concern are requests seeking out not only key issues, such as the 75¢ price variant of Amazing Spider-MAn #238 (first Hobgoblin), but a request for unheard of high grade examples only. I think I’ve received over a dozen inquiries for a CGC 9.6 copy, but this is a CPV that too infrequently shows up in 9.6, and you’re always holding some hope the Tattooz haven’t been removed regardless of grade. I think CPVs’ overlooked history might lend to a growing and sustained interest if enough people spend time to understand why the exist, their production numbers compared to US newsstand and direct editions, and if they don’t get too hung up with having a “best copy.” I also see the growing trend of collectors seeking US newsstand issues working to reinforce the aspects that have drawn collectors to CPVs. Foreign edition key focus collectors are also entering the mix looking for key CPV issues, but are seemingly more reasonably content finding 5.0 to 8.5 copies or “budget” copies.”
— Joseph Fiore, ComicWiz.com; OPG #48 page 133

When I think of foreign comics, my mind immediately goes to the person I’d consider the foremost expert in the hobby today in the niche: Tim Bildhauser of CBCS. In last year’s report, Tim mentioned that foreign comic book sales had been higher than ever in both price and volume; and in this year’s report he had a great discussion of this niche of the market. He also took the time to make mention of CBCS’s great decision to start labeling Type 1A’s as price variants, saying:

“After much consideration and discussion, the decision was made at CBCS to change the phrasing on the labels of Canadian Newsstand, Australian Newsstand, and U.K. price (both Shilling and Pence copies) books. Previously we had been notating them as Canadian, Australian, and U.K. Edition which, while not wrong, doesn’t explain clearly what makes them different from their U.S. counterparts. Going forward they’ll be notated as “(insert cover price) Canadian, Australian, or U.K. Price Variant.” This gives them a more accurate description of what exactly sets them apart. I’ve seen growing interest in the Canadian, Australian, & U.K. price variants, especially on the keys. There were two Australian price variant copies of New Mutants #98 that sold this year that broke the $1,000 price point. U.K. price variants seem to be shaking off the stigma that’s plagued them for decades and buyers are starting to pay equal, and in some cases, higher prices…”
— Tim Bildhauser, CBCS; OPG #49 page 105

In his report last year, Brock Dickinson mentioned pence and Canadian price variants as lesser-known price variants getting increased attention:

“While the 35¢ Marvel test price variants of the 1970s have been well-known for many years, there is an increasing fascination with other price and distribution variants in some portions of the marketplace. The 35¢ variants remain very hot and the earlier 30¢ Marvel price variants also gathered steam this year. At the same time, a number of other variants began to gain increased attention, and experienced some substantial price increases. This trend was probably led by Canadian cover price variants, which can credibly be argued (although actual print run data is scant) to represent about 2% of total print runs for some Copper age books. This makes these books elusive (especially in high grade), and in NM- or better these books will often command 200% to 1000% of current Guide prices. There was also strengthened interest in early direct market books, late newsstand editions, Whitman variants, and UK pence price variants, all from the 1970s and 1980s, and Marvel Pressman and DC Universe cover logo variants from the 1990s. Many of these books are extremely scarce, but so little is known about supply and distribution that prices can still vary widely. Nonetheless, there is a clear market trend to increased value for these books, and the 35¢ Star Wars #1 variant is a clear indication of how far these trends can go over time.”
— Brock Dickinson; OPG #48 page 116

The comparison to 35¢ variants is apt — and when I think of 35¢ variants my mind immediately goes to the person I consider the foremost expert on them: Jon McClure. Before Jon’s 1997 article in Comic Book Marketplace, only a select few of these variants were known to collectors, and seemingly little-to-no attention whatsoever was paid to their rarity characteristics as a “class” of comics. That all changed with Jon’s efforts to research how they came to exist and the extent of their existence, discovering hundreds of variants and writing about them extensively. I’m so glad to have had the opportunity to work with Jon on our CPV guide, to hear first-hand the parallels he sees between Type 1 and Type 1A cover price variants, and of course when it comes to the Overstreet guide it is great to read his extensive market reports! I highly recommend reading Jon’s full report; you can also reach out to Jon via jonmcclurescomics.com. He talks about variants so extensively that it is hard to choose just one excerpt to share… but I’ll share this one below:

“CBCS’s groundbreaking decision to call Type 1A books “variants” on the labels is a positive step forward in understanding what they are and how to discuss them intelligently. Check out the free new online Price Guide for Type 1A Canadian cover price Marvel and DC comics from the 1980s at rarecomicsblog.com.”
— Jon McClure, jonmcclurescomics.com; OPG #49 page 177

🙂 Definitely read Jon’s whole report if you have picked up a copy of OPG #49 — or reach out to him on his site — because literally all of it is relevant and important reading if you are a Type 1A collector and there’s too much to quote here without going on for pages and pages. My fellow pence price variant issue guide collaborator Steve Cranch is mentioned in Jon’s report as well (go Steve)! 🙂 Something else to read from Jon is his market report from our 2019 CPV guide which you can find online here. And then I’ll just mention one more thing from Jon’s report… he mentions his OPG #40 article on page 176 and then says, “An updated version is in progress for the 50th annual OPG.” Woo hoo! Another spotlight variant article from Jon McClure, in next year’s OPG! Now I know for sure that I’ll be buying next year’s Overstreet! 🙂

My other fellow guide collaborators also put out great reports; and I was very happy to see that Bob Overstreet quoted Paul Clairmont within his main market report! Paul wrote a fantastic report — thanks Paul for the shout-out in the beginning! It has been great working with you as well! 🙂 Here’s a short excerpt from Paul’s report and then I highly recommend reading the full report in OPG #49 — you can also reach out to Paul at pnjcomics.com:

“…[S]ales [of Canadian Price Variants] were the strongest we have ever witnessed in our six years of business in 2018. We posted some of the sales results earlier in this report but keys had a very short shelf life and we had our best results by being “first to market” with many of the single highest graded copies.”
— Paul Clairmont, pnjcomics.com; OPG #49 page 112

You can also find Paul’s 2019 CPV guide market report, online, here. And I actually want to also quote Paul’s #48 market report too below, in an insightful section where he talks about modern age newsstand comics in general, and the treasure-hunt aspect of finding them in dollar bins where the dealer doesn’t realize/recognize the newsstand vs. direct edition distinction:

“People have started to hunt down newsstand copies in this era as a way to enhance their treasure hunting. There is a premium being paid for Image newsstand books such as Spawn #1. What makes this area interesting is that it is relatively new so there is no exact checklist of what was distributed in newsstand format. You can bet the numbers are low so finding them in high grade out in the wild on your adventures might be like spotting Sasquatch. Most dealers don’t make the distinction between newsstand and direct of this era so they are most likely populating the $1.00 and $2.00 bins at this time. Likely, that is where many will remain as its another niche area but Spawn #1 is a fine example of an issue that certainly garners higher premiums.”
— Paul Clairmont, pnjcomics.com; OPG #48 page 111

The thrill of the hunt! The joy of finding at “regular price” that rare variant you’ve been hunting for! That’s definitely what’s driven me to love CPV (and newsstand) collecting.

And it has been the thrill of my “collecting career” to collaborate with others in the hobby who are also passionate about the same niche collecting areas, and work with them on writing articles/guides. I feel that collectively we’ve made a real impact on the hobby in the Type 1A variant niche and contributed something great; and I am so happy that my collaborators are seeing a positive impact on their businesses — while for me comics is just a hobby, for others on our guide team comics is how they make a living, and I am very happy when I see these friends succeed in business! I’ll end this discussion with an excerpt from Doug Sulipa’s OPG #49 market report — I’ll say here once again that I hope you read Doug’s full report (you can also contact him at dougcomicworld.com) and I also hope you’ll read Doug’s 2019 CPV guide market report online here as well.

“The Canadian Newsstand Cover Price Variants are now officially recognized as Variants on the CBCS labels. Since the online Price Guide went live last year, demand has gone up around 400% and record prices are being set every week. Do an internet search for “2019 Price Guide for 1980s Marvel & DC Newsstand Canadian Cover Price Variants (Type 1A).” Archie comics might be added in next year’s Guide. When Gemstone published an article in the Scoop online e-newsletter, there was yet another big spike in demand.”
— Doug Sulipa, dougcomicworld.com; OPG #49 page 223

I hope all of these excerpts were helpful to see and have encouraged you to read the full market reports! 🙂 There are more excerpts that I could quote too but I’ll leave it there.  And I’ll make one last mention that our CPV guide has a whole market reports section with many great articles you can read online (here).

Happy Collecting! 🙂
– Ben

Standard
Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books

Marvel Annual Newsstand Numbering: Uncanny X-Men

By Benjamin Nobel, April 8, 2019

code-mystery

We’re used to seeing a month in this spot for Marvel newsstand comics (“01” for January, “02” for February, etc.)… so what is 95?

Recently I was part of a research conversation where we were looking into an aspect of 1993 Marvel annuals, specifically the newsstand copies of those annuals, and as it turns out there’s an interesting newsstand numbering phenomenon at Marvel for their annuals that I wanted to document — and to do so I’ve chosen the Uncanny X-Men title as the main example to show you.  I hope you’ll find this stuff as interesting as I do!

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Before I get to the annuals themselves, first, for introduction, I need to establish that if you’re looking at a given comic book from the second half of 1993, you cannot discern the newsstand copies from their direct edition counter-parts just by the presence of a bar code… in other words, if you see a comic from the second half of 1993 (or later) and the copy you see has a bar code, you cannot draw the automatic conclusion that you’re looking at a newsstand copy!

That’s because half way through 1993, Marvel switched from “logo boxes” to bar codes on their direct editions — this made it easier for retailers to scan them at the checkout counter — and looking at both the Amazing Spider-Man and Uncanny X-Men titles as examples, we can observe that this change occurred in July… i.e. Marvel’s June direct edition comics from 1993 have logo boxes while their July direct edition comics have direct edition bar codes.

For example, here are direct editions side-by-side for Amazing Spider-Man #378 (June) and #379 (July) and I’ve circled the logo box area to point out the change month over month, from “logo box” to bar code:

And that same June-to-July switchover from logo boxes to direct edition bar codes is observed in the Uncanny X-Men title too: here are direct edition examples side-by-side for X-Men #301 (June) and #302 (July) below:

x-men-june-july-1993

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OK: so now I want us to take a closer look at X-Men #302 (the one at right in the picture above) as the first issue in the title where direct editions and newsstand copies of the issue number both carry bar codes, and ask the question: can we tell those two bar codes apart? The answer is YES WE CAN.  Here’s two zoomed-out copies side-by-side (at left, a newsstand #302, at right, the direct edition), where even from afar we can already spot that these boxes are different:

x-men-302-newsstand-vs-direWhen the two types above were printed, they basically needed to finish the one batch, pause, change just the black text in certain spots, and then resume (we do not know the order of batches printed or whether they alternated, but the interiors are 100% identical and each type that was “born” at the same time and on the same equipment with the same paper and ink are true first printings).

And interestingly, X-Men #302 makes for an ideal example to illustrate the printing differences between the batches because there was also an error batch for this issue number where some copies were printed with blanks in those certain spots which needed to be switched between batches!  Thus, my guess is that these error copies happened by mistake during this switch-over between the newsstand and direct edition batches. Thus, these error copies really help illustrate where the differences are between the types, by way of our “zooming in” on the blank areas. First, here’s a full front cover to show you what an error copy looks like (by the way, I’ve also seen these error copies called “Logo Variant”):

x-men-302-error

And now, we’ll zoom in to see the differences, first looking at the price box area:

x-men-302-price-boxes

The price boxes are pretty similar between the newsstand and the direct edition batch; from the error copy in the middle, we can in turn see that we should direct our attention to the area above “302 JUL” and also below to find the differences: and we see that the UK pence price is in a different location and that the newsstand copy has the Curtis Circulation code for X-Men (“02461”) under the month:

curtis-code

And now looking at the UPC box area, we can see that the newsstand bar code and direct edition bar code have different structures, and, the direct edition bar code also clearly says DIRECT EDITION above it.

x-men-302-upc-boxes

The words “direct edition” are the big short-cut giveaway as to which copy is the direct edition, but while we’re here let’s also examine the newsstand and direct edition bar codes themselves side-by-side, to understand their structure a little bit:

newsstand-vs-direct-codes

That “02461” code we saw earlier as the code for X-Men appears on both of the above (in the bottom middle), we can observe that the numbers at the left are different between newsstand and direct editions, and then there’s a huge difference in the structure of the number along the right.

The newsstand copy (at left above) has a slim right-hand bar, with a 2-digit number at the top (in this case “07” which is denoting the month of July), while the direct edition copy has a fat right-hand bar, with five digits: The first three digits are the issue number (302 in this case), the next digit is used to denote different cover variations, and the fifth digit is used to denote different printings.

[p.s. There was also a Type 1A $1.95 cover price variant for newsstands in Australialearn more about those here — which looks like this, below (notice the right side of the bar code has “10” for October, because after these were printed they were loaded onto the slow boat to Australia and so they advanced the cover month by three months so as not to appear out-of-date when they finally hit the newsstands in the land down under):]

x-men-302-1.95-aus-variant

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OK! With that bit of background, we’ve now seen the basic differences between direct edition bar codes and newsstand bar codes, which is useful to know when looking at comics published after the logo-to-barcode-switchover that took place on direct editions.

We saw how the newsstand bar code has that “slim” right-hand bar with the number at the top being a 2-digit code:  Marvel used these two digits to denote the month on the copy we saw.  Did Marvel consistently denote the month in this spot of their newsstand bar codes? For their regular monthly comics, that indeed appears to be the case: “01” denotes January, “02” denotes February, “03” denotes March… etc.

Here are a string of quick examples just to show you all the months starting with a December issue, X-Men #188, and continuing for a little over a calendar year:

188

#188 = “12” (December)

189

#189 = “01” (January)

190

#190 = “02” (February)

191

#191 = “03” (March)

192

#192 = “04” (April)

193

#193 = “05” (May)

194

#194 = “06” (June)

195

#195 = “07” (July)

196

#196 = “08” (August)

197

#197 = “09” (September)

198

#198 = “10” (October)

199

#199 = “11” (November)

200

#200 = “12” (December)

201

#201 = “01” (January)

202

#202 = “02” (February)

So for the regular monthly issues, it is consistently the calendar month being communicated at the right-hand side of the bar code.

But what about annuals? As you might have guessed from the title of this post, Marvel did things a bit differently when it came to their annuals! Let’s have a look!

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The first annual I want to show you is X-Men Annual #17 from 1993. We observed earlier that from July onward of that year, Marvel published their direct editions with direct edition bar codes.

So, suppose as a thought experiment, that we saw just the bottom left corner of the front cover of a given direct edition 1993 Marvel comic? Even if we knew absolutely nothing else about the book, we could make an educated guess by the presence of a logo, that the book was from June or earlier… while if we saw a direct edition bar code, we could make an educated guess that the book was from July or later.

Before we take a look at what’s on the front cover of a direct edition copy of X-Men Annual #17, logo or bar code, I want to show you the indicia page… notice that only the year 1993 is mentioned (no month):

x-men-annual-17-indicia

And when CGC catalogs the book in their system, they only reflect the year 1993 (no month):

x-men-annual-17-cgc-census

How about the newsstand bar code for this annual, might that help provide us with a clue as to publication month? As it turns out, by 1993, Marvel had been putting the annual number into the right-hand side of the newsstand bar code… i.e. for X-Men Annual #17, the right-hand side of the newsstand code says 17:

17

So the cover of direct editions of this annual will provide a very important clue indeed — will we see a logo box (June or earlier), or, will we see a direct edition bar code (July or later)? Here’s the answer!:

x-men-annual-17-direct-edit

As you can see above, it is a logo box. That leads me to conclude that Annual #17 is from June or earlier of 1993… and a further clue is found in the below listing — the highlighted area indicates that the story is continued in X-Men #301 (which we saw before was published in June).

x-men-annual-17-continued

If it continued in a June issue, then I’d call May (or, perhaps, the same month as #301, June) for Annual #17 a really good guess.

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How about we look at another X-Men annual, #14 from 1990? Above, we saw that the newsstand code for Annual #17 says “17” on it… will newsstand copies of #14 say “14” in that spot? As it turns out, Marvel didn’t always use the annual number for this part of the newsstand code, and back in 1990 when Annual #14 was published, the newsstand code looks like this:

14

It says “05”… which, if this was a monthly issue, we’d conclude meant May. Does it mean May in this case? Although I think that would certainly be a fair guess, it turns out that if we examine Marvel’s newsstand numbering for X-Men annuals, an interesting pattern emerges.

[I hinted at this newsstand numbering phenomenon at the beginning of this post, but I didn’t want to jump right into the pattern until you had the background… and now you have the background, so, let’s take a look at the newsstand numbering on X-Men annuals over the course of time!]

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We’ll start below with X-Men Annual #3 from 1979. The second digit of the right-hand number is fivebut, the first number is… 9:

03

Annual #3 = “95”

… and the next year, with Annual #4, it is “05”:

04

Annual #4 = “05”

… then, it increments each year by 10:

05

Annual #5 = “15”

06

Annual #6 = “25”

07

Annual #7 = “35”

08

Annual #8 = “45”

09

Annual #9 = “55”

10

Annual #10 = “65”

11

Annual #11 = “75”

12

Annual #12 = “85”

13

Annual #13 = “95”

14

Annual #14 = “05”

15

Annual #15 = “15”

… until at Annual #16 the numbering pattern switches to the number of the annual itself:

16

Annual #16 = “16”

17

Annual #17 = “17”

18

Annual #18 = “18”

Notice that Annual #15 (1991) actually could fit both patterns: #14 was “05” and so going up by 10 would bring us to 15, but it is also Annual #15 so the 15 could also be the annual number!

So let’s turn to Amazing Spider-Man and see what year that title switches its pattern. As it turns out, Annual #24 (1990) is an “05”, while Annual #25 (1991) is 25:

asm-annual-24-25-newsstand

Since the second digit of 25 is five, let’s just examine one more title to be sure that 1991 is the year Marvel began using the annual number for their newsstand codes — let’s look at Iron Man, which was up to Annual #11 in 1990 and Annual #12 in 1991:

iron-man-annual-11-12-newss

As we can see, #11 from 1990 has the “05” code, while #12 from 1991 uses 12, the annual number. Also interesting about these two Iron Man examples is that the cover artist in both examples, Tom Morgan, signed not only his name to his cover artwork, but also a date — which is 3/1990 for #11 and 4/1991 for #12. The artist naturally would have completed the artwork ahead of the actual publication of the comic (maybe by a month or two or three as a guesstimate).

For additional reference, Tom Morgan was also the cover artist for Iron Man #257, and the artwork was signed 3/1990 while issue #257 was published in June:

iron-man-257-upc

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After X-Men Annual #18, Marvel switches from sequential numbering of annuals to using the year (“X-Men Annual 1995” etc.), and with the 1995 annual the UPC code moves to the back cover which makes it extraordinarily difficult to spot newsstand copies on the market. So I’ll stop the investigation there without knowing for sure what the 1995 annual newsstand code shows, but, it would make sense that Marvel would have changed their newsstand numbering again in some fashion once they began this new naming convention of using the year. Newsstand annuals in general after this point appear to be exceedingly difficult to find out there to get a reference picture, but I did spot a newsstand Peter Parker: Spider-Man/Elektra 1998 annual, and the code on it is “85” (could this perhaps be 8 for 1998 and 5 for May??):

asm-annual-1998-newsstand

So! Now you’ve seen the patterns that I wanted to document and share, when it came to Marvel newsstand numbering on their annuals. Before their 1991 switch to using the annual number in the newsstand code, what are we to make of the “05” / “15” / “25” / etc. numbering? Was the “5” in the second digit indicative of a May date, or something else? I’m not sure what to conclude, but I think May is a fair guess, yet, not a definitive answer — even for the “05” coded copies — given that prior to 1991 these codes on annuals appear to have incremented annually by 10 and thus except for the “05” copies they do not directly correspond to a calendar month the way the codes on the monthly issues consistently do. If anyone has anything to add to the discussion, I hope you’ll weigh in! Whatever the pattern meant, I found it interesting to observe, and I hope you did too! 🙂

Happy Collecting! 🙂
– Ben

Standard
35 Cent Variants, Canadian Newsstand Edition, Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books, Growing Newsstand Awareness, Rare Comics To Collect

Two Ways To Win Update

By Benjamin Nobel, October 29, 2018

“When collecting any given key comic book issue, it is better to have two ways to win, than just one.”

We have just published The 2019 Price Guide for 1980’s Marvel & DC Newsstand Canadian Cover Price Variants (Type 1A), which included a few new features this year — one of which is a new Market Reports & Articles section.

My fellow collaborators have done a fine job presenting discussions about the state of the market for 1980’s price variants, including example sale highlights, and so for my report I decided to approach a discussion from a different angle: to give you an update on the “two ways to win” strategy that I’ve been advocating for so long on this blog.

What is the strategy? For newer readers, let me describe it by painting a scenario. Suppose it is the mid 1990’s and you decide you want to collect a copy of Star Wars #1 (Marvel Comics, 7/1977). Before embarking on your collecting quest, it would be very useful for you to know that there exist both 30¢ cover price 1st print types as well as 35¢ cover price 1st print types of that issue, and that the higher cover price type is actually dramatically more rare than the lower cover price type.

Star Wars #1 35¢ Variant

Star Wars #1 35¢ Variant

Suppose at the time you embark on your collecting quest, the relative rarity of the 35¢ type versus the 30¢ type is not very widely known in the hobby: it might be possible for you to pay “regular price” (or close to it) for the more-rare 35¢ version! If you can accomplish that feat of landing the 35¢ version for a cost basis close to regular market value, you’ve just given yourself two ways to win instead of one: (1) the issue number itself may rise in value, and (2) collectors of the future may be willing to ascribe a hefty premium to the more rare type, as its rarity becomes better known throughout the hobby.

Had you executed such a strategy back in the early days of 35¢ variant awareness, today you’d be grinning from ear to ear — because look where the Overstreet price guide values the two different types today in its most recently released guide (OPG #48):

The regular 30¢ 1st print type is given a $215 value in 9.2 by Overstreet, while meanwhile the more-rare 35¢ type is given an $11,000 value in 9.2 — that’s a premium of ~51x for the price variant over its regular counter-part!

But that ~51x premium didn’t happen overnight… it built over the years, even after the rarity difference was widely known throughout the hobby. For example, check out how that premium has grown over the last eight years — here’s the same Overstreet guide page from back in 2010 (from OPG #40):

star-wars-1-opg-40

As you can see above, back then the regular 30¢ 1st print type was given a $95 value in 9.2 by Overstreet, while meanwhile the more-rare 35¢ type was given an $2,500 value in 9.2… for a premium of ~26x for the cover price variant.

With 20/20 hindsight, Star Wars #1 clearly would have been a good pick for a key issue to collect back in 2010, as its “base value” (the 9.2 Overstreet guide value for the regular 30¢ type) has grown at a +10.7% annualized rate of return during these past eight years.

But what about the 35¢ type? Even at a monster premium of 26x back in 2010, you were still better off collecting the cover price variant: because in the ensuing years, the 35¢ type would increase in value by +20.3% annualized!

Looking at this result, it is clear that those who had the choice but decided to collect the regular 30¢ type instead of the more-rare 35¢ variant lost out on all that additional upside. To illustrate this, suppose in 2010 you had invested $10,000 in each of the two types. At the 9.2 guide values back then, that would have resulted in a box of about 106 copies of the 30¢ type (rounding up a smidge) versus 4 copies of the 35¢ type. Fast-forward to today and here are what the two $10K investments would be worth at today’s 9.2 guide values:

star-wars-investment-growth

“You won in two ways with the cover price variant.”

So in the above hypothetical scenario, had you invested your $10K into the plain old 30¢ type and ignored the cover price variants, you missed out on roughly $21,210 of upside! And that’s from a starting point where the 35¢ variant already had a guide value twenty six times higher than the regular cover price copies! With 20/20 hindsight, clearly you did dramatically better going with the 35¢ variant — because you “won” in two ways: (1) the issue number itself grew in value, and (2) the cover price variant premium over regular copies expanded in multiple. You won in two ways with the cover price variant.

Let’s keep that result in mind, as we fast-forward to a 1980’s key: Suppose you now decide you want to collect a copy of Amazing Spider-Man (ASM) #238 (Marvel Comics, 3/1983). Is there a “Two Ways To Win” collecting strategy?

You bet there is!!!

Before embarking on your ASM #238 collecting quest, it would be very useful for you to know that there were two distinct distribution channels through which comics of that era were sold: (1) newsstand sales, and (2) direct edition sales. The prevalent direct editions have a Spider-Man logo in place of a bar code, and were ordered by comic shops at a discounted but non-returnable basis — that Spidey Head logo was a way for the publisher to identify a direct-sold copy and be able to refuse refund and say “sorry comic shops: you’re stuck with any unsold copies!”

Newsstand editions meanwhile have a bar code, such copies were treated/handled by newsstand staff like magazines (i.e. something to read) and sat on newsstands waiting for a buyer… any unsold copies were returned to the publisher and typically pulped/recycled forward. The newsstand copies that sold tended to be purchased by readers (as an “entertainment purchase”) instead of by collectors (who instead were over in comic shops loading up on direct editions and carefully placing them in plastic bags), and thus newsstand copies saw a notoriously high destruction rate as compared to their well-preserved direct edition counter-parts.

So: collectible-condition surviving newsstand copies of the 1980’s are considerably harder to find versus collectible-condition direct edition copies… That already gives us a second way to win: to go for the more-rare collectible-condition newsstand survivor, versus settling for a prevalent direct edition copy…

But as readers of this market report already know — because you already read our guide intro — during a window of time in the 1980’s, Marvel actually published two distinct newsstand types: a lower cover price 1st print type (60¢ in the case of ASM #238), and a higher cover price 1st print type (75¢ in the case of ASM #238). And that the higher cover price type is by far the most rare type — the target market for that type had ~1/10th the population! [Here is a rarity walkthrough with explanatory graphics, here is Paul’s “common sense approach” to understanding their scarcity, and here is Doug’s scarcity discussion.]

Conclusion: going after that dramatically-more-rare 75¢ cover price variant type gives us our strongest “Two Ways To Win” when collecting our ASM #238.

Back when I began this blog, it was widely possible to collect the cover price variant (CPV) for any given 1980’s key published during the price variant window, and pay “regular price” for it: awareness throughout the hobby about this type of variant was historically sparse back then, so there were many people who owned variants in their collections without realizing it, i.e. they knew they owned Amazing Spider-Man #238, but did not realize there was anything different or special about their copy, with its 75¢ cover price.

“I refer to such listings with generic titles but pictured variants as “mis-listed” variants.”

Such a person, when looking to sell, might look up the recent OPG guide value or the recent market price that the issue number in general was selling for, and then list their rare variant on a buy-it-now asking “regular market price” for it (or auction it off). Since they did not realize their copy was anything special, they would choose a “generic” listing title (e.g. “Amazing Spider-Man #238, Marvel Comics, 1983”) as opposed to a title that would allow CPV collectors to find it in a refined search — no “Variant” in the title, no “Canadian”, no “Newsstand”, no “CPV”, nothing you might search for when looking for this type of variant. But zoom in on the picture to see the cover price, and it would clearly show the variant. I refer to such listings with generic titles but pictured variants as “mis-listed” variants. Many of us have been successfully hunting down such opportunities for years (high five, fellow hunters!).

And that brings me to my Update on the Two Ways To Win Strategy. Applying this strategy to my own collecting of 1980’s CPVs, my approach over the years can be described by the below “decision tree” [it is a general representation of the approach but some things are “assumed” such as, for example, that there is a “grade hurdle” in mind for the variant in advance of hunting for it — personally I aim for “9 out of 10” on the grade scale (VF/NM) and if I can exceed that goal I’m thrilled]:

cpv-decision-tree

For years, my collecting of these variants mostly ran along two paths down the branches — often, I could hunt through listings and either find myself a “mis-listed” variant to collect…

mis-listed-cover-price-vari

… or I felt confident that with enough patience — which I should make clear was often measured in months or even years of waiting — I would eventually see a mis-listed variant come onto the market:

wait-cover-price-variant

I’m not the only one who has pursued this collecting approach, and here’s why the approach is important to understand when considering the current state of the CPV marketplace: for many years, given the state of collector awareness (unawareness) of these cover price variants, I was reluctant to traverse down the branches towards that “pay a premium” box for a given issue. I was so confident that with the passage of enough time I’d eventually land myself a mis-listed variant copy of the issue I was looking for, that I was very reluctant to pony up a premium price.

That may sound hard to understand when at the same time (1) I’d mentioned before that it could be months or even years between mis-listed variant sightings for given issues, and (2) clearly I am someone who has studied the rarity of these variants and I know very well that they are deserving of a hefty premium. So why was I so reluctant to pony up a well-deserved premium? Consider this: suppose hypothetically that you have a given issue where you tend to see a mis-listed variant hit the market once a year. Waiting around for that opportunity might sound nearly futile. But suppose for sake of argument that you have 365 different variants you are hunting for, each of which tends to produce a mis-listed variant opportunity once a year? Well my friends, on any given day you should expect that an opportunity would come your way! You just wouldn’t know which opportunity. [By the way, this was the inspiration for this year’s Top 365 / A Variant A Day list].

So picture yourself executing this strategy of hunting for mis-listed variants over the years… As the years progress, and more and more collectors learn about the variants, more collectors then recognize when they own variants and in turn more often list them properly. Thus, over time, you begin seeing fewer and fewer mis-listed variant opportunities. Instead of an opportunity per day among your hunt list of issues, you’re seeing an opportunity per week… then every couple of weeks… then even longer… Now suppose a new key issue catches your attention to collect, one which you do not already own in any grade — i.e. something you have not been trying to collect or upgrade, until today, so that you do not even own one single starter copy of the variant. How are you going to approach the decision tree? In today’s marketplace of rapidly increasing variant awareness, you are probably going to be increasingly willing to traverse down that “pay a premium” path:

pay-price-variant-premium

And speaking for myself, that above path down the tree is where I have been finding myself these days. For example, one of the issues I collected in the past year was Detective Comics #583 (February 1988, first appearances of Ventriloquist and Scarface, and a gorgeous Mike Mignola cover). It was during one of the proof-reads of our 2018 guide that decided I wanted to own this variant. Let’s go down the tree: Were newsstand copies published for the issue? Yes. Do Type 1A cover price variant newsstand copies exist? Yes! Was I able to find a “mis-listed” variant for sale at “regular” price? No. Not a mis-listed copy in sight, at any price. I decided very quickly that I’d be willing to pay a premium for a properly-listed copy. But there were zero properly-listed copies available. I found myself waiting for one. And waiting for one. And waiting for one…

Detective Comics #583 $1.00 Price Variant

Detective Comics #583 $1.00 Price Variant

Eventually, a variant appeared on the market! It was properly listed, with the listing title identifying it as the variant, reading: “Detective Comics – 583 – Rare 1.00 Price Variant! – DC Comics – NM- 1988″… The buy-it-now cost with shipping was $58.12, representing a premium price over the going rate for direct editions in the same grade. Friends, I didn’t even hesitate: I slammed that buy button. And I’m so glad I did — I have yet to see its equal come onto the market since. In fact, I sent my copy to CGC, and as of today the CGC census still shows only one variant copy on record for the issue… my copy. I tell this anecdote to illustrate how my own behavior has changed over the years, as the hobby’s awareness of this type of cover price variant has grown. How many others like me fit this description, and how are we impacting the CPV marketplace in the aggregate?

I do still see mis-listed variants out there as well — those opportunities certainly haven’t yet “dried up” completely (here’s a mis-listed variant I landed recently) — but nowadays I do find myself time and again traversing the tree down towards that “pay a premium for a properly listed copy” box. If other market participants are behaving like me, then mis-listed-variant-hunters are increasingly losing their patience to wait for mis-listed opportunities and are realizing that the best move, if we actually want to land that variant we’re looking for, is to be willing to pony up that hefty premium (especially in the highest grades where supply is so very limited). This marketplace behavior change which I observe in myself — and then potentially multiplied across other mis-listed variant hunters out there if their behavior has similarly changed — certainly would argue for a continued shift towards higher marketplace premiums paid for properly listed variants. How much of a variant premium is reasonable these days? Each collector will need to find their own answer to the question of what a reasonable premium is, for them, for any given issue in a given grade at a given point in time. (Hopefully our guide is a useful tool to help in that decision).

What kinds of premiums have informed collectors been observed paying lately for properly listed variants? Looking at the new Noteworthy Sales section of the guide and looking at the sales prices for variants compared to where the prevalent direct editions in the same grades have been selling lately, I can confidently say that those cover price variant premiums being paid these days still seem very reasonable to me in relation to the underlying rarity. Still “early innings” is a good way to describe it — and actually, fellow guide collaborator Angelo Virone recently gave a baseball analogy himself (quoted in this post), i.e. what “inning” are we in as far as awareness in the hobby about this type of cover price variant, its extreme relative rarity, and incredible collecting appeal?

Angelo placed us in the second inning as of that day; but as those who have been following my blog already know, there has recently been a major milestone for Type 1A 75¢ variants like our ASM #238 example: CBCS has begun to dignify them with a price variant label, e.g. “75¢ Canadian Price Variant”. That will make for a huge leap forward in collector awareness: The proverbial snowball of growing awareness was already rolling down the mountain at unstoppable speed, but now just got a huge step-up in mass. This is a leap forward for Type 1A price variants.

How much of a leap? Angelo described it as skipping the third inning and jumping straight into the 4th. I have to agree, that this milestone is going to result in a huge step-up of collector awareness about Type 1A price variants (my blog’s “stats page” was on fire with hits when that news broke) — in fact, I have to wonder to myself just how quickly our guided values in our 2019 guide edition will slip woefully out of date? As an example, at the time we conducted our annual value survey for the 2019 guide, our median advisor value for the ASM #238 cover price variant in 9.2 came in at $425… Meanwhile, in between that survey and today, we have seen more record-breaking sales for ASM #238 including a CGC 8.0 (VF) copy selling on the marketplace for north of $600 (fully +44% higher than our 9.2 guided value, for a CGC 8.0)!

And this continued rise in the variant premium over time is our second way to win by targeting the dramatically-more-rare 1980’s newsstand cover price variants: The first way we can win, is by making a strong selection for which keys to collect — looking issue by issue at the collecting merits, and selecting wisely; the second way we can win is the potential for the variant premium to widen over the upcoming years as awareness continues to grow in the hobby and as other comic book “authorities” follow in the footsteps of CBCS in properly recognizing Type 1A price variants for the true 1st print US-published cover price variants they are!

Happy CPV Collecting Everyone! And now please read more Market Reports & Articles from our 2019 guide! 🙂

– Ben

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Australian Newsstand Edition, Canadian Newsstand Edition, Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books, Growing Newsstand Awareness

Applause To CBCS’s New “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” Labeling

By Benjamin Nobel, October 9, 2018

The first type 1A cover price variant to be labeled “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” by CBCS.

My fellow price guide collaborator, Angelo Virone, has just received back the very first CBCS slab carrying their new labeling treatment for Type 1A cover price variant comics: instead of “Canadian Edition” in the variant field of the label, going forward CBCS will now use “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” (with the variant name beginning with the individual variant cover price for the particular issue, 75¢ or otherwise)!

This excellent improvement by CBCS demands our applause! Three cheers for CBCS!!! I have no doubt this change required a huge amount of effort to accomplish; if you had asked me a year ago when I discussed the “what to call these” question and encouraged grading companies to make an improvement, I would have said that the best we collectors should hope for would be that a grading company like CBCS would be able to do a “find/replace” and go from “Canadian Edition” to “Canadian Price Variant” — i.e. that having the variant cover price itself in the variant name seemed like too much to hope for because of the man hours necessary to input each individual cover price and change each census entry one by one…

Since then, as collector interest in Type 1A price variants has continued to build, pressure on the grading companies to make a labeling improvement has built as well; and earlier in the year we saw an incremental improvement to CGC’s labeling — although they retained the “Canadian Edition” variant name, they began to input the variant cover price for each issue onto the right-hand side of their labels on a piecemeal basis as new books are submitted.

Not to be outdone, CBCS decided to take on the workload necessary to input each cover price into the variant name itself in their census entries — and in doing so, CBCS has now leap-frogged CGC in appropriately labeling Type 1A cover price variant comics as cover price variants and with the individual cover price included in the variant name!

This move by CBCS is a milestone moment. When I first looked at the new label atop Angelo’s slab (shown below), it struck me that for all of us who work so hard to hunt down these rare variants, we’re going to want this new CBCS label (I for one am absolutely going to send my next submission of Type 1A variants to CBCS) because we will feel gratification when our comics are appropriately recognized as the 1st print US-published cover price variants that they are!

75¢ Canadian Price Variant - CBCS

In the past I had argued that the ideal label name for a comic like the above was “75¢ Cover Price Variant,” but I recognized how time-consuming a task it would be to accomplish inclusion of the price in the variant name itself (necessitating each variant cover price be individually inputted for each of the many variants already on census). Since 75¢ was the intended price for Canada, using the shortcut “Canadian Price Variant” would have been understandable and likely a heck of a lot easier — so it is wonderful that CBCS has taken the extra time and effort to place the cover price itself in the name.

At first it struck me that including both “75¢” and “Canadian” was redundant — either of those words tells us we’re looking at the Type 1A variant — but I think CBCS may be including both of those words because the labeling change they have made is larger than the newsstand cover price variants of the 1980’s… They are actually changing their labeling for all of the different “classes” of Type 1A variants, and the inclusion of “Canadian” or “Australian” or “U.K.” helps identify which “class” the given book belongs to — here below is a quote from CBCS’s International Comic Specialist, Tim Bildhauser, commenting on the labeling change:

“CBCS’s perspective on labeling comics submitted for grading has always been to do so as accurately as possible and providing as much information about the books on the label as we can fit. We had previously notated these as “Canadian Edition” and, while that’s not necessarily an incorrect classification, it also doesn’t do a clear enough explanation of the difference from the standard U.S. versions of these books. A more detailed notation was needed to not only make them more identifiable but also to help educate newer collectors that might not be familiar with these books.

We will be carrying this change in notation over to both the Australian newsstand comics from the early 1990s as well as the various U.K. price variants as well.”

— Tim Bildhauser, CBCS International Comic Specialist

So indeed, this is a milestone moment not just for the newsstand-exclusive 1980’s cover price variants but for all Type 1A price variants! The terms “Type 1” and “Type 1A” were coined by fellow price guide collaborator Jon McClure. Most collectors are familiar with the 30¢ and 35¢ price variants of the 1970’s — these are “Type 1” variants. Such price variants are true 1st print US-published copies, fully identical on the inside to the other first print copies but carrying a different cover price; and as far as their distribution, Type 1 variants were restricted to certain test markets. Type 1A variants are also true 1st print US-published copies, also fully identical on the inside to the rest of the print run, but carrying a different cover price and restricted in their distribution to a certain country as the target market.

I checked in with Jon to get his reaction to the new CBCS labeling change. He said as follows:

“How we categorize books, and especially what we name them, has a tremendous impact upon value and desirability. Calling any U.S. Published Cover Price Variants by the name “Canadian Edition” conflates them with foreign editions which is misleading to collectors. The new “75¢ Canadian Price Variant” CBCS labeling is a tremendous improvement! Type 1a variants are universally scarcer than regular editions, regardless of era, going all the way back to the Golden Age. Because scarcity and demand drive the market, CBCS’s new formal recognition of them as price variants ends the “Canadian Edition” (or UK or Australian edition) nonsense for U.S. published comics and provides accuracy for the fast growing market of Type 1a variant comics. CBCS has done the hobby a great service by properly identifying such books. I predict that the fast growing Type 1a variant market will reflect and embrace this important change with ever-increasing fervor, as collectors realize what they are actually looking at (for a change), and that they will pursue and invest in them accordingly.”

— Jon McClure, Senior Overstreet Advisor

CBCS is on a roll with their labeling improvements… Last year, CBCS began to “break out” newsstand comics broadly, from their direct edition counter-parts — recognizing what I would call a “mega-trend” in the hobby. On page 178 of this year’s Overstreet, Steve Ricketts of CBCS discusses this trend, stating as follows:

“Newsstand and Direct variants are quickly gaining popularity with the mainstream collectors. CBCS has seized the reins on this niche of the hobby, by being the only grading service to identify Newsstand and Direct Edition copies in the variant field of the label on books from 1977 through 2000. Once the CBCS census goes live, it will be interesting to see the numbers that have been submitted. In the late 1970’s, Direct Edition comics were less common than Newsstand Editions. As years progressed, Newsstand copies became more and more scarce, with the Newsstand copies of some comics being incredibly hard to find. The hobby will start to learn about the scarcity of each issue in the coming years. More information is better for everyone, especially involving something that was hiding right under our very noses.”

— Steve Ricketts, CBCS Head Presser

It is indeed an exciting time to be a collector of newsstand comics; and if we’ve already reached the conclusion that we should be hunting down the more-rare newsstand version of a given comic from the 1980’s-onward, instead of the prevalent direct edition version, then indeed if there’s an even-more-rare newsstand version — a Type 1A Cover Price Variant newsstand version — then shouldn’t that be the type we treasure the most? And after all of our hard work hunting down that most rare of all the types, do we not want our selected grading company to properly recognize our comic with appropriate labeling? My applause to CBCS for giving Type 1A cover price variant collectors that gift: the ability to now have a slab that dignifies our variants with a price variant label!

You can bet my next submission of Type 1A comics is headed to CBCS — I want that new label atop my Type 1A’s! 🙂 This change by CBCS has elevated their grading company to “top-of-mind” for Cover Price Variant (“CPV”) collectors. Fellow guide collaborator and CPV collector and historian Angelo Virone agrees and puts it this way:

“Eureka! C.B.C.S. has done it!

Being the “first mover” and correcting labels to better reflect historical accuracy, regardless of the cost incurred and manpower needed, elevates this respected company to a level that is second-to-none.

As a play on words from a famous quote after the lunar landing, “That’s one small step for a collector, one giant leap for the comic book collecting community.”

In my humble opinion, I believe we are now at the top of the second inning … skipping the third … and now entering the fourth. This is an exciting time to collect and/or start investing in Canadian, Australian and U.K. Cover Price Variants because awareness of their scarcity is picking up, thus increasing demand and leading to future potential price increases.”

— Angelo Virone, Cover Price Variant Collector and Historian

Happy CPV Collecting, everyone! 🙂
– Ben

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Canadian Newsstand Edition, Direct Edition vs. Newsstand Edition Comic Books

CGC 9.8 Census Comparison: 1970’s Keys vs. 1980’s Keys

By Benjamin Nobel, December 9, 2017

summary-cgc-9.8-table

The #1 most frequently asked question I receive about 1980’s Type 1A Cover Price Variants is always some variation on the theme of: I need 9.8’s but can’t find them! Help!

Everyone who collects 1980’s comics appears to be “pre-conditioned” to expect an abundance of 9.8’s from that era — and who can blame them for that expectation in the context of what happened to comic book distribution during the 1980’s and what that meant for high grade survivorship?!

Direct Edition sales took over in the 1980’s to eventually become the dominant form of comic book distribution [read more about this]. And such copies were direct-sold to specialty comic shops on a discounted but non-returnable basis — those shops then handled the comics with great care because they were catering to a customer base heavily focused on the condition of the comics they took home.

The comic shop I frequented as a kid had a special program for repeat customers like me, where for any title we wanted to collect, a mint-condition copy of each new issue was bagged, boarded, tagged with our name, and set aside in boxes that lived behind the counter, ensuring that not a single mint condition collectible was missed.

Little did I realize at the time, that my friends and I were all taking home and preserving direct editions (the newsstand vs. direct edition difference wasn’t something we even thought about back then)!  Our comic shop proprietor would sometimes even talk up particular new issues judged to have great collectible appeal by sharing stories with us wide-eyed kids about the big-money customers who were buying 250+ copies at a time of the new issue for investment!  Who could resist such stories — each one of us in the crowd would scramble to buy a handful of copies of that new issue for ourselves, even if it wasn’t already on our list of set-aside titles!

So it is really no surprise that this mountain of well-preserved 1980’s (and onward) direct edition comics originally sold in specialty comic shops has led to a nice supply of CGC 9.8 graded copies all these decades later.  This situation creates quite an incredible juxtaposition between the number of copies known to exist in 9.8 on the CGC census for 1970’s keys, versus 1980’s keys…  And this situation also really highlights the incredible appeal of the Type 1A copies of the same 1980’s keys, as newsstand-exclusive cover price variants of the very same issues (below is an animated graphic and then the three individual slides are presented after it and can be clicked to enlarge; I selected ten of the top 1970’s keys, plus the top 10 issues from our 1980’s Type 1A price guide, for this comparison):

I selected 10 keys from the 1970's and 1980's, and looked up the number of CGC 9.8's known to exist to date, by checking the Census. I then looked up the numbers for the Type 1A Cover Price Variant for the same 1980's comics. This animated graphic shows a table and then bar charts of the numbers.

I selected 10 keys from the 1970’s and 1980’s, and looked up the number of CGC 9.8’s known to exist to date, by checking the Census. I then looked up the numbers for the Type 1A Cover Price Variant for the same 1980’s comics. This animated graphic shows a table and then bar charts of the numbers.

What a striking comparison!

Meanwhile, some collectors, ones who don’t really think about or care much about relative rarity between types, might look at a Type 1A variant newsstand comic from the 1980’s and think: “it is the same thing as the gorgeous CGC 9.8 direct edition copy I already own, only there’s a bar code on that one instead of the logo that’s on mine, and, that one has a different cover price… What’s really so appealing about a different cover price and a bar code?

But such collectors who would focus on the “appeal or lack of appeal” of the physical differences alone are missing what the rest of us are seeing — that the absolutely dramatic difference in rarity is itself the glaring appeal of the higher cover price variants among first-print copies of each issue. These Type 1A variants are an opportunity for us to collect the same 1980’s comics we know and love, but via a true first-print US-published cover price variant version that is dramatically more rare.

Those of us who collect these Type 1A variants aren’t suggesting that “75¢ is a ‘better’ cover price to have been charged than 60¢” or that “bar codes are intrinsically ‘better’ on comic book covers than logos” — instead we’re saying to look at the facts surrounding 1980’s Type 1A variant creation and distribution: the 75¢ type is demonstrably much more rare than the 60¢ type (or whatever the pair of cover prices happened to be issue by issue)! [Not to mention the fact that awareness of this type of variant still has plenty of runway left before it reaches “awareness maturity” (for a peer group, we can contrast to the maturity of awareness of 30¢ and 35¢ variants where there is widespread awareness in the hobby today of those 1970’s cover price variants… but once upon a time they too were under the radar!), and also, that the question of “what to call them” has presently been answered by CGC (as far as how they label the slabs) in such a way that there is still a lot of confusion out there about what these variants actually are, with these 1980’s Type 1A variants being conflated with the Canadian Editions of the 1940’s/1950’s that were published abroad by a different publisher, on different equipment, with different content, and at a different time (read more about this).]

Collectors who do care about relative rarity among first-print types (and there are huge numbers of us out there) will recognize the same pattern over and over again in the world of comic books through time: whether we’re talking about the relative rarity between a 35¢ cover price copy of Star Wars #1 vs. a 30¢ copy, or whether we’re talking about the relative rarity between a 75¢ cover price copy of Amazing Spider-Man #238 vs. a 60¢ copy… or whether we’re talking about the relative rarity between a $3.99 cover price copy of Amazing Spider-Man #607 vs. a $2.99 copy, etc.: Those of us who care about relative rarity and are offered the choice of a Near Mint copy of either type will like the dramatically-more-rare higher cover price type over the regular, lower cover priced type. To me, if I can get in at a similar cost basis, the choice is an absolute “no brainer” — I’d like the dramatically-more-rare higher cover price variant copy please!

Here’s a recent quote from another collector who gets it and who recently articulated the collectible appeal of the 1980’s Type 1A Cover Price Variants beautifully and succinctly:

“I do like them and there is a reason. I grew up on many of these comic books and stories. Some are my favorites, but there is the stigma of too many copies being too easily accessible for many of them.

I want an investment worthy copy of some of these keys. Do I disregard U.S. newsstands or direct market copies of the time? No, but as one who keeps the comic investment aspect in mind, ’80s Canadian Newsstand comics do appeal to the rarity factor that I have always yapped about since the beginning of this site.”

Vic J. of Total Comic Mayhem, on 11/24/2017

Rarity matters. And Type 1A 1980’s cover price variants have rarity in spades: Not only did they have restricted North American distribution, but they were newsstand exclusives that were therefore purchased mostly by readers — because the “real collectors” meanwhile understood that the condition of newsstand comics was going to be terrible since they were handled like magazines with no staff training to preserve condition, and so most collectors were over in comic shops taking home pristine-condition direct editions!

Either one of those two rarity factors for 1980’s Type 1A variants (restricted distribution area + newsstand exclusivity) would already have made them plenty attractive… But having both factors in play leads to extremely low odds of a given Type 1A copy from Marvel or DC surviving in 9.8 shape from the 1980’s through to today. Hopefully over time collectors will come to grasp this rarity, but for now, judging by how often people ask me about 9.8 Type 1A copies for issues where none are even on census yet, it apparently remains baffling to many collectors out there just why they cannot find the 9.8’s they are looking for… Perhaps the newsstand exclusivity aspect isn’t being appreciated (newsstand exclusivity for Marvel & DC’s 1980’s Type 1A comic books that is — Archie is meanwhile known to have done some Type 1A direct editions here and there, one example being Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures #1, the first appearance of Krang in comics, which has both newsstand and direct edition $1.25 cover price types). As Overstreet Advisor Bill Alexander put it, “People just have no idea how ‘uncared for’ and mishandled newsstand copies were”:

“The chances of a Canadian cover price 75¢, 95¢, or $1.00 variant surviving in the top grades is very slim indeed. I can remember all too well how newsstand copies were not cared for, especially by the retailers who put them out on the spinner racks. I can remember how I would walk into a 7-11 store and see a shopping cart with string-bundled comics waiting to be unleashed onto the comic racks by store employees. The strings cut right into the spines on most of the comics in the bundle, leaving deep grooves and indentation marks. This lowered many of the NM copies down to FN/VF to VF grade even before they were crammed into the comic racks where they were then carelessly handled by kids. I believe the few comic rack newsstand copies that survived in NM grade were in the center portions of the bundled comics (protected in that way), or else the ‘string bundle effect’ would have surely gotten to them. People just have no idea how ‘uncared for’ and mishandled newsstand copies were.”

— Bill Alexander, Overstreet Advisor

And as Senior Overstreet Advisor Jon McClure noted in his recent market report:

“Most of the Newsstand editions were bought by non-collecting readers, with a much lower survival rate, and most are well read FA/G to FN/VF copies. Most VF/NM or better Type 1a Canadian Newsstand Cover Price Variants are 50 to 250 times Scarcer than their US Direct Market counterparts in high grade…”

— Jon McClure, Senior Overstreet Advisor

As more collectors come to further study newsstand comics vs. their prevalent direct edition counter-parts and read newsstand rarity discussions & estimates, and the drastic difference in high grade survivorship between the types eventually becomes common knowledge, perhaps “9.0 will be the new 9.8” when it comes to newsstand comics broadly (and 1980’s Type 1A variants in particular) — because for certain 1980’s keys, if you are going to be so discerning about grade that you demand a 9.8 for your Type 1A cover price variant copy then depending on the issue you might very well find your grade goal an impossibility! For a Type 1A copy to have survived from the 1980’s to present in 9.8 shape, it needed an incredible amount of good luck, plus it needed a collector to have taken it home instead of a reader.

“We have found that VF and NM newsstand editions are far scarcer as a percentage of issues that we purchase in collections. Simply put, newsstand readers (and the staff of newsstands) were far more likely to beat up their comics, and newsstand racks (such as metal spin racks) actually damage comics darn near the minute that they are racked. As a result, finding the few surviving NM newsstand editions is surprisingly difficult.

Aside from getting damaged, however, we have also discovered that comics purchased from newsstands are far more likely to have been destroyed. You would think that newsstand editions from 1980 would be relatively easy to find, and indeed, they are. But not nearly in the disproportiate ratios that the original distribution statistics would indicate. Our experience has shown that comics sold in comics shops had a 90% probability of being put into a plastic bag and preserved, while comics purchased from newsstands had a 90% probability of either being read to death, or thrown away.”

— Chuck Rozanski, Newsstand Editions History

So to all the collectors who keep asking a variation on the same common question about 1980’s Type 1A Variants — I need 9.8’s but can’t find them! Help! — my advice is to take that grade goal down at least several notches… Think about those tables/charts showing the 9.8 census counts, think about the explosion of Direct Edition sales in the 1980’s and how well preserved those direct editions are that you’ve become used to, and then re-calibrate your grade expectations for Type 1A 1980’s comics as newsstand exclusives. If it was a 1970’s key you were collecting, wouldn’t you be thrilled to own a 9.0 copy of any of the key issues I selected to list in that table?

Since the 1980’s Type 1A cover price variants were newsstand exclusives with very low distribution as a percentage of each issue, I think collectors of these variants need to set their grade bar according to the reality, rather than according to what we’re used to when it comes to the direct edition peers.

Personally, when I open the box from CGC and see the Type 1A variant key I sent in achieved a grade of 9.0, I break into a huge grin; and when I see a 9.4 or higher I shout for joy and do a happy dance! The very few times in all these many years of collecting type 1A’s that I’ve ever opened the box to see a 9.8, I’ve felt like I spotted a unicorn!

Happy Collecting Everyone! 🙂

– Ben

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